2004 Volume 45 Issue 7 Pages 2172-2176
Equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) is a viable forming procedure to extrude material by use of specially designed channel dies without a substantial change in geometry and to make an ultrafine grained material by imposing severe plastic deformation. Because the evolution of microstructures and the mechanical properties of the deformed material are directly related to the amount of plastic deformation, the understanding of the phenomenon associated with strain development is very important in the ECAP process. The plastic deformation behaviour during pressing is governed mainly by die geometry (channel sizes, a channel angle and corner angles), material properties (strength and hardening behaviour) and process variables (temperature, lubrication and deformation speed). There is a need for modelling techniques which may permit a wider study of the effects observed for better process control and the understanding of process related phenomena. In this study, we describe a range of our continuum modelling results of the ECAP process in order to illustrate the modelling applicability. Firstly, the finite element results of ECAP modelling for various geometric factors are described. Secondly, the inhomogeneous deformation due to the hardening property of the material is explained. Lastly, modelling the temperature field coupled with stress as a typical process variable in ECAP is presented.