2006 Volume 47 Issue 2 Pages 426-432
Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) is widely used in the casting industry to remove the internal porosity generated during the casting process. It combines higher pressure and temperature to produce materials and parts with substantially better properties than those by other methods. This results in improved strength, ductility and fatigue life of castings. The aim of this paper is to discuss the methods and to find a suitable soaking time of HIP for Inconel 718 superalloy castings. In this study, the HIP temperature was maintained at 1453 K, pressure was kept 175 MPa and three different soaking time are 2, 3 and 4 h. The experiment results show that HIP treatment at 1453 K under the pressure of 175 MPa for 4 h for Inconel 718 superalloy is the optimum condition. It can decrease the porosity of Inconel 718 superalloy castings. In this study, it can reduce porosity about 86% after HIP treatment. For the tension test at a fast strain rate (0.001 s−1) that it increased the tensile strength by 31% at room temperature, 27% at 813 K, and 24% at 923 K. While at a very slow strain rate (0.0001 s−1), it increased the tensile strength by 24% at room temperature and 20% at 813 K. For a 3-point bending test, it showed that the optimum soaking time of HIP procedure could enhance the bending strength by 38% at room temperature and 26% at 813 K.