2020 Volume 19 Issue 1 Pages 21-28
Purpose: Hepatobiliary-phase (HBP) MRI with gadoxetic acid facilitates the differentiation between lesions with and without functional hepatocytes. Thus, high-quality HBP images are required for the detection and evaluation of hepatic lesions. However, the long scan time may increase artifacts due to intestinal peristalsis, resulting in the loss of diagnostic information. Pseudo-random acquisition order disperses artifacts into the background. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical applicability of pseudo-random trajectory scanning for the suppression of motion artifacts on T1-weighted images including HBP.
Methods: Our investigation included computer simulation, phantom experiments, and a clinical study. For computer simulation and phantom experiments a region of interest (ROI) was placed on the area with motion artifact and the standard deviation inside the ROI was measured as image noise. For clinical study we subjected 62 patients to gadoxetic acid-enhanced hepatobiliary-phase imaging with a circular- and a pseudo-random trajectory (c-HBP and p-HBP); two radiologists graded the motion artifacts, sharpness of the liver edge, visibility of intrahepatic vessels, and overall image quality using a five-point scale where 1 = unacceptable and 5 = excellent. Differences in the qualitative scores were determined using the two-sided Wilcoxon signed-rank test.
Results: The image noise was higher on the circular image compared with pseudo-random image (101.0 vs 60.9 on computer simulation image, 91.2 vs 67.7 on axial, 95.5 vs 86.9 on reformatted sagittal image for phantom experiments). For clinical study the score for motion artifacts was significantly higher with p-HBP than c-HBP imaging (left lobe: mean 3.4 vs 3.2, P < 0.01; right lobe: mean 3.6 vs 3.4, P < 0.01) as was the qualitative score for the overall image quality (mean 3.6 vs 3.3, P < 0.01).
Conclusion: At gadoxetic acid-enhanced hepatobiliary-phase imaging, p-HBP scanning suppressed motion artifacts and yielded better image quality than c-HBP scanning.