2001 Volume 41 Issue 12 Pages 611-614
A 77-year-old woman suddenly lost consciousness and presented with right hemiparesis. Computed tomography showed a large subcortical hematoma in her left frontal lobe associated with subarachnoid hemorrhage. The first impression was hemorrhage due to a ruptured aneurysm of the middle cerebral or the internal carotid artery on the left. Left internal carotid angiography showed no aneurysm or vascular anomaly, but back flow of contrast medium into the external carotid artery disclosed two saccular aneurysms arising from the anterior branch of the left middle meningeal artery (MMA). Emergent surgical intervention confirmed that the hematoma was due to ruptured MMA aneurysm. Nontraumatic MMA aneurysm should be recognized as a possible causative lesion of intracranial hemorrhage despite the extremely low incidence. External carotid angiography should be performed in patients with intracranial hemorrhage in whom no vascular cause can be detected in the internal carotid system.