The Japanese Journal of Personality
Online ISSN : 1349-6174
Print ISSN : 1348-8406
ISSN-L : 1348-8406
Exploratory Reports
The Roles of Optimistic Explanatory Style and Dispositional Optimism in an Interpersonal Stress Process
Fuyuko Izawa
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2011 Volume 19 Issue 3 Pages 255-266


The present study examined the roles of two kinds of optimism in an interpersonal stress process (Kato, 2001) based on Lazarus's psychological stress process model. A questionnaire was administered to 361 undergraduate, graduate, and junior-college students. The results revealed two causal processes. First, higher dispositional optimism was associated with higher coping efficacy, resulting in increased coping that was oriented toward positive relationships and postponed-solution coping. Second, a higher optimistic explanatory style was associated with lower perception of threat in events, resulting in reduced coping that was oriented toward negative relationships and postponed-solution coping. The role of each kind of optimism in an interpersonal stress process is discussed.

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© 2011 by Japan Society of Personality Psychology
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