Retrieval of a memory can cause forgetting of other related memories, which is known as retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF). This study investigated whether individual differences in effortful control (EC), which reflects executive function ability, predict RIF. After completing a questionnaire which assessed levels of dysphoria, trait-anxiety, and EC, the participants learned category-exemplar pairs. Then, they retrieved half of the exemplars from half of the categories. Finally, a recognition test was given. The results showed that EC was positively correlated with RIF, even when dysphoria and trait-anxiety were controlled. This supports the idea that individual differences in executive function ability predict variability in RIF.