This study examined how anxiety regarding the COVID-19 pandemic affects loneliness. We conducted a longitudinal survey of Japanese adults aged 20 to 79 years (N =941), who were assessed twice (Time 1 in December 2020 and Time 2 in August 2021). The results of a cross-lagged effects model showed that anxiety levels recorded at Time 1 predicted loneliness levels at Time 2. These results indicate that people who feel anxious about the COVID-19 pandemic will tend to become lonely.
The relationship between Jung’s psychological types and Sensory Processing Sensitivity was investigated. Undergraduate students (N=263) completed the Japanese version of the Sensory Processing Scale and Jung Psychological Types Scale (JPTS). The results indicated that the Introverted Feeling types have characteristics of more ease of excitation, while Extraverted Sensation types and Extraverted Intuition types have less ease of excitation. These findings suggest that characteristics of psychological types are elaborated from the viewpoint of Sensory Processing Sensitivity.
This study examined the associations between school maladjustment, depression, and self-esteem using a short-term longitudinal survey of high school students. We analyzed data from 984 students who completed all first and second semester (two waves) assessments. Cross-lagged panel analyses revealed a significant relationship between school maladjustment, depression, and self-esteem in both waves. Specifically, maladaptive signs and lack of social competence were significantly positively associated with depression, and lack of perceived self-acceptance was significantly negatively related to self-esteem.
This study examined the interaction between unmitigated communion (UC) and gender on gender system justification (GSJ). UC is a trait of putting others before oneself. GSJ is a tendency to maintain the status quo, even if it is unequal. Participants included 200 females and 200 males (Mage=20.5). Hierarchical multiple regression analysis was conducted including the interaction terms of UC and GSJ. Since the interaction was significant, a simple main effect test was conducted, a positive association for females, and a negative association for males. The results were interpreted regarding the fit in society for females and a lack of merit for males.