2016 Volume 24 Issue 3 Pages 228-231
This article describes the development and validation of a Japanese version of the Free Will and Determinism Scale (FWDS) to measure people's beliefs about free will. The scale was evaluated with two samples of 166 and 171 undergraduates. The resulting data fit the two-factor model with general free will as one factor and personal free will as the other. Furthermore, only personal free will was associated with self-control, consistent with expectations indicating the test's validity.