2023 Volume 99 Issue 7 Pages 191-197
The mushroom, Pleurocybella porrigens, is widely consumed in Japan; however, in autumn 2004, acute encephalopathy due to ingestion of the mushroom in a large group of patients was reported in Japan. We have continued working on the mushroom to clarify the mechanisms underlying the acute encephalopathy that occurred due to its consumption. The data collected to date have shown that three compounds, pleurocybelline (PC), a Pleurocybella porrigens lectin (PPL), and pleurocybellaziridine (PA), in the mushroom are potentially responsible for the onset of the disease; PC that exhibit lethal activity in mice and PPL formed a complex, and the complex of the two components exhibited proteolytic activity and disrupted the blood-brain barrier. Although PA was not isolated directly from the mushroom, the existence of this compound in the mushroom was predicted. The compound was chemically synthesized and its endogeneity in the mushroom was demonstrated. Furthermore, PA exhibited toxicity to oligodendrocytes.