2021 年 64 巻 2 号 p. 22-32
Zoonic diseases including COVID-19 reflect the change of interaction between wild animals and human beings. The current paper reviewed the change and the present situation of interaction between wild animal and human beings. Sub-Saharan countries are the main wild meat consumption area since wild meat is easily available because local people understand the behavior of animals, and they are deeply connected to local tradition. In Japan, wild animals had been caught and eaten. From the origin of agriculture, there were fights against the animals that damaged the harvest, and people hunted and ate them. The combination of Buddhism and Shinto prohibited animal eating accompanying discrimination. By the underutilization of local resources, the damage by wild animals is severe in Japan, but wild meat consumption does not increase as could be expected. Amidst the pandemic of COVID-19, the regulation on wild meat trading is exercised, but its subsistence use needs should be considered. The pandemics of zoonic disease are the result of deforestation which is then exploited into farmlands and timber lands for export. We should consider how we have harmed nature, and how to attain balance so as viruses and pathogen do not to jump from wild animals to humans.