2005 年 25 巻 5 号 p. 459-472
Previously unknown subsurface remains considered to be the Egyptian New Kingdom period were detected in the desert of western Saqqara by the utilization of JERS-1/SAR. A joint research team of Tokai University and Waseda University has been carrying out archaeological investigations using remote sensing technology to establish a new method of detecting remains. In 1995, the first preliminary survey of this study using Landsat/TM, SPOT/ Panchromatic, and JERS-1/SAR was done in the desert of Memphite necropolis, and remains covered with thin sand layer were pinpointed by the image interpretation of JERS-1/SAR. It is commonly called Site No. 29, and the surface features and backscattering coefficients at the site suggest us the existence of subsurface structures of the dynastic period.
The detection of the Site No. 29 is extremely noteworthy, because there are some papers describing about subsurface imaging ability of L band SAR in the desert of hyperarid regions, but there is no example that subsurface remains of the dynastic period were actually detected by JERS-1/SAR in Egypt. This is the latest report studying about the relationship between JERS-1/SAR and the Site No. 29.