2015 年 66 巻 4 号 p. 158-164
To develop effects of surface polishing conditions on pitting resistance after passivation treatments, pitting potentials of Type 304 stainless steels finished using different polishing techniques and passivated with HNO3 solutions of different types were measured in deaerated 3.5%NaCl. Steel finished with electropolishing and then passivated in 30%HNO3 showed high pitting potential of 1010 mV (vs. Ag/AgCl (sat. KCl)), which is in a trans-passive potential region. Increased pitting potential of 1053 mV was obtained when 0.1 kmol･m－3Na2MoO4-containing 30%HNO3 was used for passivation. Steel finished with mechanical polishing never showed such high pitting potential. No decrease in pitting potential was observed on steel finished with electropolishing and 30%HNO3 or 0.1 kmol･m－3Na2MoO4-containing 30%HNO3 passivation after accelerated corrosion tests such as long term immersion in aerated 3.5%NaCl, salt spraying with 5%NaCl or steaming at 121 °C. To achieve high pitting resistance, combined surface treatment of electropolishing and 30%HNO3 or 0.1 kmol･m－3Na2MoO4-containing 30%HNO3 passivation is recommended for Type 304 stainless steels.