2007 年 5 巻 1 号 p. 1_35-1_38
The present study examined the characteristics of self-esteem in eating disorders (EDs) and those effects on EDs's behavior. We hypothesized first that a negative evaluation of self body shape and facial attractiveness relates to the decline of self-esteem, second that such decline of self-esteem relates to overall life satisfaction in EDs. In Study 1, the hypotheses were examined with ten normal women. The results showed that high tendency participants of ED scores tend to show negative evaluation of their self body shape and also on their self-esteem, whereas low self-esteem participants tended to show less life satisfaction. In Study 2, four ED patients and 13 normal women were compared. The results of ED patients showed higher negative evaluation of self body shape and facial attractiveness and these related to lower self-esteem as well as lower overall life satisfaction. On the other hand, normal women showed a negative correlation that the higher negative evaluation of own facial attractiveness, the lower self-esteem is. However, this relation between self-esteem and overall life satisfaction was weak. Those results suggest that the characteristics of the self-esteem of ED patients possess an exaggerated importance on the evaluation of own physical attractiveness and it relates to dissatisfaction overall their life.