2007 年 5 巻 2 号 p. 2_91-2_98
Nursing is more than physical attending of the patients. We, nurses have to encourage patients in their will to live in their human relations. The same is true with taking care of female homeless. This paper aimed at gathering as many data about the health and life (including the human relations) of female homeless as possible and forming basic materials for helping support the health of the elderly homeless women. In this study, we took the following method; (A) Fact-finding interviews with homeless women focusing on the past background that have brought them into homeless situation, their health and their relation with other people, (B) Symbolic figure placement (DLT) test (this is the test to know the subject's human relation with others by asking her to put miniature dolls representing persons she is acquainted with near the doll representing herself.) The results of DLT; The distance between the subject and her present husband (or partner) was 2.2 cm in average, and that between her and her ideal image of husband was 2.4 cm, so there was not much difference. Only one child was put with the distance of 2.1 cm from the woman who put it, while seven ideal children were put with the average distance of 2.01 cm. In the present real situation, the total of 12 friends were put with the average distance of 4.7 cm, while in the ideal situation the same 12 friends were put with the shorter distance of 3.9 cm in average. As to pets, in the real situation the average distance was 3.7 cm, and in the ideal situation it was the same 3.7 cm. The number of persons related to the women was 23 in the real situation, but in the ideal situation it was 38, showing a marked increase.