1997 年 42 巻 1 号 p. 41-57,175
The purpose of this study is to examine the relation between the degree of marital satisfaction of intercultural couples and two aspects: cultural differences and social acceptability of their marriage.
Cultural differences contain differences in language. Custom, values, upbringing of children and evaluation of cultural differences. Social acceptability of their marriage inc1udes opposition from wife's parents, opposition from husband's parents, and prejudices against intercultural marriage. Furthermore, this research examines whether or not couples fundamental attributes affect the abovementioned connection. To determine this presupposition, six fundamental attributes are used: both spouses' occupation and level of education, husband's nationality and duration of marriage.
The data was obtained through a survey which 1 conducted from September to October in 1996. The subject of the survey is 143 intercultural couples (Japanese wives and non-Japanese husbands) living in Japan.
Major findings are as follows. According to the result of ANOVA, the degree of marital satisfaction of intercultural couples is connected with cultural differences although it is not connected with social acceptabi1ity of their marriages. Also, the result of two-way ANOVA shows that two of the fundamental attributes, husband's occupation and nationality, affect the relation between marital satisfaction and cultural differences. When a husband is a full-time employee, regardless of their cultural differences, such as difference in language, custom and value, his wife's marital satisfaction is higher than that of a wife whose husband is a part-time employee. Moreover, when a couple has the same value in upbringing of children and the husband is a western, his marital satisfaction is the highest. On the other hand, when a couple has different values in upbringing of children, the western husband has the lowest marital satisfaction. However, although a couple has different values in upbringing of children, the Asian husband tends to have higher marital satisfaction.