This article reconfigures Kierkegaard’s thought, focusing on four points revolving around secularization: the worldly, history, Christendom and internalization.
In the middle of the 19th century Denmark, some people had already begun to transform Christianity into a worldly one. Such move may seem like a practical way to prolong the life of Christianity amid difficulties of having faith in the age of modernization. But Kierkegaard criticized such move based on his dualistic standpoint according to which transcendence and immanence cannot be mediated. Kierkegaard analyzed matters around that time by using the word of “demonic”. The demonic people refuse the good and shut themselves up, not opening themselves to others.
However, while Kierkegaard witnessed the beginning of secularization, he did not see the process with an adequate time span. For Kierkegaard passed away six years after the secularization in Denmark started in earnest at 1849. Furthermore, Danish secularization was unique in that instead of abolishing Christianity, it was concerned with transforming it into a worldly one and enlarging the freedom of people’s religious lives. Kierkegaard’s “the single individual” was a subject who was not with non-believers but with believers, even if their faith in God was inappropriate in Kierkegaard’s eyes.