Foreign visitors often travel to many destinations and tourism characteristics are different depending on nationality. Therefore, it is necessary to consider differences in tourism characteristics and forecast travel consumption after the opening of the high-speed railway. In this study, we focused on two kinds of foreign visitors from China and Taiwan and differences in tourism characteristics between the two counties was clarified. Using a consumption model considering trip chains of foreign visitors, we made a comparative analysis on impacts to consumption as a result of the opening of the high-speed maglev line in Japan.
In the first half of the paper, after explaining the basic concept and model structure of the travel consumption model used in this analysis, the parameter estimation method is explained. Then, model parameters are estimated using the OD flow data of Chinese and Taiwanese in Japan, and the differences in tourism characteristics analyzed. As a result of the analysis, tourists from China are less sensitive to distance because of a longer stay, and their interest in the destinations of three metropolitan regions. On the other hand, tourists from Taiwan are more sensitive to distance because of a short stay, and they are interested in many destinations in rural regions.
In the second half of the paper, we compare the influence of the opening of the high-speed maglev line on the travel consumption of each tourist using tourist consumption models. As a result of the analysis, tourists from China make more expenditures in many regions after opening of the high-speed maglev line. On the other hand, tourists from Taiwan make more expenditures in rural regions along the maglev line, but the consumption in other regions does not greatly increase. In addition, after opening of the maglev line, especially Kansai and Chubu Airports have improved the access to many destinations including the Tokyo Metropolitan Region. The rate of increase in utility is higher for tourists from China.
JEL Classifications:C68, L83, L92