1988 年 19 巻 p. 199-220
Environmental disputes often arise in the process of planning such public facilities as highways, airports, incineration plants or wastewater treatment plants. Especially in the case of incineration plants, many residents are afraid that their environment would be damaged by smoke and offensive smell from them.
We surveyed nine incineration plants among thirteen plants in the twenty-three wards of Tokyo and interviewed some residents living around them. From this survey, it was considerd that the recent incineration plants seemed to give less damage on the environment than that of the old ones in terms of smoke, offensive smell and waste water from them. But some people still have bad images against it. The causes of an environmental dispute like this supposed to be closely related to citizens' images or consciousness on incineration plants.
The purpose of this paper is to find out the factors which affect citizens' consciousness on incineration plants. we, therefore, conducted interview surveys of both the related staff to this problem in the Tokyo Metropolitan Government and the members of the opposing citizens' group against the construction. We conducted questionaire sheet surveys in the areas of the two plants, Adachi and Katsushika, based on these interviews.
From the analysis of the data collected in case studies, the following three were concluded. (1) Garvage carts have more influences on forming citizens' consciousness than the operation of the incineration facilities. (2) There are two factors which affect on the change of the citizens' attitudes towards the plants. The one is the image of incineration plants held by the citizens' before the disputes and the other is their experiences through participation in the movement against the construction. (3) The citizens' experienced the dispute would have much better images than before.