1993 年 5 巻 2 号 p. 37-41
The cause of Behcet's disease is still unknown. In this paper, we describe the features of Behcet's disease as reported by the Japan Ministry of Health and Welfare in 1987. Behcet's disease is characterized by oral and genital ulcers and ocular inflammation. At least two of these main symptoms are required to establish the diagnosis. Behcet's disease is further classified as having mucocutaneous, arthritic, digestive, vascular and neurologic abnormalities.
Behcet's disease must be differentiated from benign mucous membrane pemphigus, pemphigoid and erythema multiforme. The ulcers in recurrent aphthous stomatitis are quite similar in appearance. These diseases can be ruled out with pathological and immunological techniques.