2000 年 42 巻 4 号 p. 15-33
In the late 19 th century the Russian national economy was included in the World Capitalism-System. Under the circumstances Russian State, which had been promoting the industrial modernization in order to keep abreast of the Western national economies, was faced with the regulation to fit the agricultural industry to the developmental direction of the Russian national economy. At this time, firstly, Russian State established the Ministry of Agriculture and National Property. Secondly, it concentrated the agricultural promoting sector (zemstvo and the agricultural associations, etc.), which independently had operated from each other, on the MANP. Finally, it formed the Agricultural Political System, which was constituted of the administrative management chain and the technical management chain. Under this System MANP promoted, on one hand, the extension of the agricultural improvement projects, the penetration of the agri-political intents, and, on the other hand, the construct of the state agri-technical system by the technical management chain. In the result, the effects of the agricultural improvements didn't sufficiently appear from MANP's agricultural policy. But, as the result of the formation of the Agricultural Political System, State broke into out a new channel to intervene in the agricultural industry. Moreover, as the System included the factors of the land-policy and the immigrant policy in the agricultural policy, it expanded and linked up with the Stolypin Land Reform. This paper proved the formation and development of the Russian Agricultural Political System with the opportunity of the establishment of MANP in 1894, in order to explore the character of the state-intervention into the Russian agricultural industry in 20th century.