2022 Volume E105.C Issue 6 Pages 296-299
We experimentally evaluated random number sequences generated by a superconducting hardware random number generator composed of a Josephson-junction oscillator, a rapid-single-flux-quantum (RSFQ) toggle flip-flop (TFF), and an RSFQ AND gate. Test circuits were fabricated using a 10 kA/cm2 Nb/AlOx/Nb integration process. Measurements were conducted in a liquid helium bath. The random numbers were generated for a trigger frequency of 500 kHz under the oscillating Josephson-junction at 29 GHz. 26 random number sequences of 20 kb length were evaluated for bias voltages between 2.0 and 2.7 mV. The NIST FIPS PUBS 140-2 tests were used for the evaluation. 100% pass rates were confirmed at the bias voltages of 2.5 and 2.6 mV. We found that the Monobit test limited the pass rates. As numerical simulations suggested, a detailed evaluation for the probability of obtaining “1” demonstrated the monotonical dependence on the bias voltage.