2016 Volume E99.A Issue 2 Pages 621-633
This paper proposes a novel technology to detect the orientation of an image relying on its contour which is noised to varying degrees. For the image orientation detection, most methods regard to the landscape image and the image taken of a single object. In these cases, the contours of these images are supposed to be immune to the noise. This paper focuses on the the contour noised after image segmentation. A polar orientation descriptor Orientation Context is viewed as a feature to describe the coarse distribution of the contour points. This descriptor is verified to be independent of translation, isotropic scaling, and rotation transformation by theory and experiment. The relative orientation depends on the minimum distance Roulette Distance between the descriptor of a template image and that of a test image. The proposed method is capable of detecting the direction on the interval from 0 to 359 degrees which is wider than the former contour-based means (Distance Phase , from 0 to 179 degrees). What's more, the results of experiments show that not only the normal binary image (Noise-0, Accuracy-1: 84.8%) (defined later) achieves more accurate orientation but also the binary image with slight contour noise (Noise-1, Accuracy-1: 73.5%) could obtain more precise orientation compared to Distance Phase (Noise-0, Accuracy-1: 56.3%; Noise-1, Accuracy-1: 27.5%). Although the proposed method (O(op2)) takes more time to detect the orientation than Distance Phase (O(st)), it could be realized including the preprocessing in real time test with a frame rate of 30.