Venus (Journal of the Malacological Society of Japan)
Online ISSN : 2189-7697
Print ISSN : 1348-2955
ISSN-L : 1348-2955
西脇 三郎升 秀夫花輪 俊宏
ジャーナル オープンアクセス

2008 年 67 巻 1-2 号 p. 73-80


Abnormal changes in reproduction such as a female-biased sex ratio or melanism and atrophy of the testis have been observed in Sinotaia quadrata histrica in Lake Kasumigaura, middle Japan. These changes are thought to have been induced by water pollution. In order to examine the possibility of abnormal changes of reproduction in females, we studied changes in the number of shelled embryos in the brood pouch between different seasons and regions. Females examined were collected at four sites (Ogawa, Ishida, Hasugawara, and Takayama) within the lake and at a fish farm on the lakefront as a control once a month from April 2001 to March 2002. At each collection, about 20 females were selected at random and the number of shelled embryos in the brood pouch was counted. The average number of shelled embryos during a year was 14.1 at the fish farm and 5.9 to 9.9 at the four lake sites. A clear seasonal difference between spring-summer and autumn-winter was observed at the fish farm, but only a slight difference at Ishida and Hasugawara, and no differnce at Ogawa and Takayama. In autumn-winter, the average number of shelled embryos at the fish farm was significantly different from those at Ogawa, Ishida and Takayama. These seasonal and regional differences between the fish farm and four sites in the lake suggest the possible effect of changes in environmental conditions such as water pollution.

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