2005 Volume 125 Issue 12 Pages 971-980
This paper describes the mapping of the inner cavity of cyclodextrin and the guest molecule using the cylindrical coordinate system. Each cavity structure of α-, β-, and γ-cyclodextrin was examined using the coordinate system, in which, the Z-axis passes through the molecular axis; a normal of the plane that consists of 6, 7, or 8 C1 atoms of glucose units was obtained using the least-squares methods and that passes through the center of C1 atoms. The radius ρ is the distance from the Z-axis to the solvent-accessible surface of a cavity. The φ-axis is defined such that the nearest C1 atom of the glucose unit to the Z-axis is its origin. The atomic character of the inner surface of the cavity was also obtained and plotted in the same coordinates. The guest molecule was plotted with the same coordinate system as cyclodextrin to see atoms with large ρ distance of the guest molecule on the solvent-accessible surface map of cyclodextrin. It was confirmed from the map that cyclodextrin molecules have an ellipsoidal shape, have pseudo-n-hold symmetry (n=6 to α, 7 to β, and 8 to γ) in relation to their molecular axis, and guest molecules are located in relatively hydrophobic regions. It was also confirmed that the maps of this system give insights into the complementary characters of structures between the host and the guest by plotting the guest molecule in the same coordinate system.