1985 年 105 巻 6 号 p. 601-605
The plasma concentrations of seven barbiturates from in vitro parameters were predicted in the present study. Elimination rate constant (λ1) and distribution volume of free drug (λ1) well correlated to the partition coefficient (P) but also the ratio of protein bound fraction to unbound fraction of drugs (fb/fu). In these relations, the regression lines between log λ1 and log P, log Vf and log P, log λ1 and log fb/fu, and log Vf and log fb/fu were obtained. On the bases of these regression lines, the plasma concentrations of seven barbiturates were predicted. In both relations (i.e., for log P and log fb/fu), the predicted plasma concentrations well correlated to the observed plasma concentrations. The correlation obtained by the regressions to log fb/fu was slightly better than the case obtained by the regressions to log P. This may be due to the fact that fb/fu is a physiological parameter in contrast to P which is a physicochemical parameter.