1998 年 118 巻 6 号 p. 241-247
We have investigated the effects of Shimotsu-to, a traditional Chinese herbal prescription (Kampo medicine), on ultraviolet (UV) radiation-induced cell damage and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) release in cultured Swiss 3T3 cells to examine the anti-inflammatory mechanism of Shimotsu-to. Short-term UV irradiation significantly induced cell damage and stimulated PGE2 release in Swiss 3T3 cells cultured for 4 h. The UV-radiation-induced cell damage and the stimulation of PGE2 release were significantly suppressed by the treatment with Shimotsu-to. Among the single crude drug components of Shimotsu-to, Rehmanniae Radix showed significant protective effects against UV-radiation-induced cell damage and PGE2 release. Other synthetic anti-inflammatory agents, such as dexamethasone, dipotassium glycyrrhizinate and allantoin also protected against UV-induced cell damage and inhibited PGE2 release in cultured Swiss 3T3 cells. These results suggest that the anti-inflammatory mechanism of Shimotsu-to against UV-irradiated erythema (acute skin inflammation) in guinea pigs in vivo may be mediated by the inhibition of PGE2 release from cutaneous target cells.