By working, people maintain their motivation to work and gain a sense of daily fulfillment and self-understanding. the aim of this study is to clarify how employees’ interest and motivation, considering their personal temperament and work environment, lead to goal achievement, and develop a scale to measure sustainable work styles. The data from 1,693 subjects out of 1,946 were analyzed. Cronbach's coefficient was used for reliability verification. Content validity and construct validity were also used to verify the validity of the scale. Among the participants, 97.7% were women. As a result of the analysis, the reliability coefficient for the entire scale was 0.967. The structural equation models showed that the fit of the model is good with RMSEA of 0.067, GFI of 0.926, and CFI of 0.927. Regarding the indicator variables in the path diagram, the indicator for “Relationships with co-worker” had a moderate correlation with “Work environment”. there was a weak causal relationship between “Personality”, “Concept formation”, “Interest”, and “Motivation” in “Relationships with co-workers”. Despite these weak causal relationships, the goodness of fit of the model in this study met the criterion value, indicating that it was conceptually valid. This research emphasizes evaluating how employee satisfaction is triggered and how it can lead to the achievement of work goals.
Individual land rights are subject to complex processes and procedures related to land administration. Land administration is viewed as an important focal point for economic growth in Malaysia. The effectiveness and efficiency of public service delivery ar e predictor s of job performance for public servants. This article aims to investigate the influence of self efficacy on self motivation among public servants in deliver ing land services. Mixed method studies were carried out among 278 participants from pub lic servants linked with numerous district land offices in the north region of peninsular Malaysia (Kedah). Summarily, quantitative data demonstrated that the majority of public servants in land administration have a high level of self efficacy, which is p arallel to a high level of motivation. The obtained qualitative data, on the other hand, were analyzed thematically, yielding two key themes: (1) factors affecting motivation positively and (2) factors affecting motivation negatively.
To clarify the challenges of young carer support among professionals engaged in community-based integrated care in the eastern area of Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan, as a basis for determining the role of community-based integrated support centers in such support. We conducted an open-ended web questionnaire survey, involving 87 professionals who had participated in a young carer support training seminar planned by a community-based integrated support center, and performed quantitative text analysis to identify the challenges of young carer support. Fifty-one professionals responded (response rate: 58.6%). The 5 most frequent words were led by “necessary” (32), followed by “collaboration” (27), “think” (26), “educational institution” (22), and “support” (17). Through co-occurrence network analysis, 4 network groups, <challenges in grasping young carers>, <challenges of the community>, <challenges related to support systems>, and <challenges related to collaboration>, were formed. The results indicated the necessity of organizing support systems that enable the identification of young carers through the establishment of laws and systems, and promoting collaboration between the community and health, medical, welfare, and education fields to support young carers in communities. Community-based integrated support centers are expected to play a pivotal role as a base for facilitating such collaboration.
This study is a critical discourse analysis of two feminist plays: The Verge by Susan Glaspell (1921) and The Wedding Band: A Love/Hate Story in Black and White by Alice Childress (1966) dealing with the representation of feminism of the heroines of the two plays. Many studies have dealt with critical discourse analysis of feminism in different literary genres, however, plays have been given less attention in this respect. This study shows the role of feminism in two different societies; it also tries to highlight the problems that women face at the time of the World War I in America, the thoughts and beliefs that society has against women and how women fight to break these traditions throughout these selected plays. Accordingly, the study hypothesizes that society and social traditions have an important role in the lives of women in the sense that both black and white women face different kinds of oppression. The model adopted for analysis is Fairclough's model (1989) and the data are analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively leading to the most important conclusions revealing that oppression is used against both black and white women and that women though of different societies face oppressions and undergo outdated social traditions; however, women differ in their way to break these traditions.
Although many studies have examined the treatment and symptoms of children with MPS, very few studies have focused on adults with MPS. This study aimed to clarify the experiences and challenges of mothers of adult patients with severe mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) who live at home. The data from semi-structured interviews with twelve mothers (patients’ ages ranged 19-44 years) were analyzed. The following six categories were extracted: fear that the disease will continue to progress despite treatment, tired of shifting gears in care and healing, fatigue due to multi-department visits to control the progression of the disease, the pain of not being able to see a bright future, desperate for new treatment methods for MPS, and developing care and a place to stay after parental support is gone. A unique issue of patients with MPS is that enzyme replacement therapy must be continued throughout life, and there is an urgent need to create a system that allows patients with severe MPS to receive enzyme replacement therapy for the rest of their lives, even after their parents pass away.
The imposition of lockdowns in several nations has resulted in restricted movement of an individual, leading to a mobility crisis in India. As migrant labourers strived to make their way back home, it led to certain confrontations with relief policies, law enforcement, and transit policies being enforced. Interstate migrant workers in India have been facing a myriad of challenges in this accord and are predominantly engulfed with sociological, psychological, economic, political, and legal dimensions. This research article examines their pre- and post-COVID-19 living and working conditions, focusing on the diverse migrant population residing in Kelakottaiyur. The objective of this study is to understand the working and living conditions of the migrants in correspondence with the diversity prevailing within. It can be further validated in terms of employing a convenience sampling method in juxtaposing potential selection bias and self-reporting (or) recall bias. According to the findings of the study, the circumstances under which migrant labourers work have a significant impact on their overall quality of life. Specifically, their living conditions, job satisfaction, and socio-economic status are all prejudiced by the nature of their employment. This study aims to prove that Interstate migrant workers in India are vulnerable in terms of mobility, health, and well-being, by elucidating a comparative analysis between their respective professions and livelihood, during the Pre- and Post-COVID-19. Furthermore, it underscores the importance of creating fair and supportive working environments for all individuals, regardless of their background or status.
The aim of this study is to impartially validate the impact of popular drama on shaping awareness of Autistic Spectrum Disability(ASD). This study used a combination of big data and content analysis to assess the patterns and significance of ASD-related news before and after the broadcast of the drama Extraordinary Attorney Woo. Big data analysis confirmed that after the broadcast of this drama, articles related to ‘autis(‘japye’ in Korean pronunciation) surged dramatically, ranging from a weekly average of at least 4.2 times to a peak of 11.4 times compared to the period before the drama aired. Also, keywords that were highly relevant in articles related to ‘autis’ in the year before the drama aired included terms indicating pathological conditions, which had the highest weight values in the analysis. After the drama aired, keywords highly associated with ‘autis’ included a significant number of terms related to the drama Extraordinary Attorney Woo or societal interest in ASD. The findings support the notion that the airing of the drama Extraordinary Attorney Woo has led to increased public attention to ASD. A comparison of news content before and after the drama aired revealed that perceptions of ASD shifted from an individual to a social model, influenced by the themes presented in the drama. Having confirmed the influence of drama on societal awareness of disability, it is imperative to portray individuals with disabilities in an inclusive manner, emphasizing the importance of enacting disability guidelines and educating producers due to the significant social responsibility and role of drama.
Given the increasingly unstable labor market, South Korean young adults are facing a variety of difficulties. This study investigates health, financial, psychological, and social factors affecting happiness among South Korean young adults in poverty. Using a sample of 722 young adults in poverty receiving welfare benefits, multiple regression analysis results indicate that financial stress, employment hope, perceived health condition, social capital, family support, and resilience are significantly associated with happiness level. Particularly, the psychological and social factors are strongly associated with happiness. These findings highlight the necessity and importance of intervention to empower psychological strengths and social relationships to improve happiness among vulnerable young adults in poverty.
This study aims to investigate the relationship between five factors (employer branding strategy, salary and benefits, training and career development, job flexibility, and supervisor support) and employee retention in the semiconductor industry in Penang, Malaysia. Data was gathered using questionnaires distributed via email and social media and was analysed. Based on the responses from 152 employees, the results showed that employer branding strategy and supervisor support contributed significantly to employee retention. The findings highlight the importance of semiconductor companies maintaining a strong employer branding strategy and supervisors providing full support to employees as strategies for employee retention.
The purpose of this study is to investigate the characteristics of the educational status of special education schools for the physically disabled by analyzing text data on school goals and school evaluations in special schools for the physically disabled nationwide in South Korea. As a result of analysis, regarding the school goals and school evaluations of 21 special education schools for the physically disabled nationwide, the noun word that appeared most often in the school goals was “Student” and the adjective word was “Healthy.” The verb word was “Develop.” The noun word that appeared most frequently in the school evaluation of curriculum organization and operation was “Student” and the adjective word was “Educational.” The verb word was “Be.” The noun word that appeared most frequently in the school evaluation of the classes was “Student,” and the adjective word was “Various.” The verb word was “Be.” In conclusion, the school goals for physical disabilities were focused on improving the health of students with physical disabilities, and school evaluations appeared to focus on the individual curriculum for students with physical disabilities. In the future, it will be necessary to investigate the current status of special education for students with physical disabilities according to the degree of disability.
Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) emerged as a persistent challenge to be addressed globally. The use of mobile apps has increased and their effectiveness – alongside the effectiveness of traditional face-to-face interventions – has been reported for patients with NCDs. However, there exist no integrated studies of mobile app-based interventions for patients with NCDs in Japan, and the current status and challenges remain unclear. Therefore, in order to provide a basis for developing mobile app-based education and intervention for patients with NCDs in Japan, this review aimed to identify and overview the status of mobile app-based interventions for patients with NCDs in Japan. The PubMed, Scopus, and Ichushi-Web electronic databases were searched for reports published till March 29, 2023, without language restrictions. The study characteristics, the intervention’s main results, and the app content were extracted and synthesized. A total of 814 reports were identified, of which 8 ultimately met the inclusion criteria. The app content included self-monitoring, goal setting, counseling, education, feedback, and others. The findings revealed that intervention improved patients’ clinical parameters and medication adherence. As the theory related to behavior change has not been used to design interventions in most studies, developing theory-based interventions is required in the future.
This study aimed to analyze and summarize the research trends on the satisfaction given to people with disabilities by art activities/workshops abroad. The research seeks to compare the results and focus of Japanese and foreign literature in order to improve the artistic activities for people with disabilities in Japan.
This study used a systematic review (SR) of relevant foreign literature to find out how the sessions in other countries proceeded and what changes were obtained. In Japan, various art activities for the disabled have been reported to be effective. However, only qualitative studies have been conducted to evaluate them. On the other hand, many mixed studies have been conducted in other countries, which has facilitated a better statistical understanding of the changes that people with disabilities have experienced through such artistic activities.
Two main categories of satisfaction––personal satisfaction and social satisfaction––were identified through the analysis. There was a strong tendency to view mental satisfaction as an effect in many papers; for example, the effect on the mental well-being of the subject, the establishment of identity, and the enrichment of emotions. However, no particular attention was paid to returning to daily life or cultivating artistic creativity among the people with disabilities.
This paper examines the meaning of the term independence as stipulated by Japan’s Long-term Care Insurance Act. Although this law aims to support the independence of those requiring long-term care, the term itself is not clearly defined. While it is possible to understand the meaning of "independence" as one interpretation of "care prevention" and "self-selection" as specified in Article 2 of the law, this paper explores the meaning of the term by analyzing from various perspectives the process of establishing the long-term care insurance system. As a result, we found "care prevention" and "self-selection," although the meaning of independence in long-term care insurance varies depending on factors such as services, care management, insurance systems, and user contracts. In summary, Japan’s long-term care insurance guarantees the daily life of those requiring care by utilizing necessary services, and their independence was confirmed that the improvement of their quality of life, the maintenance and improvement of their mental and physical conditions, and the prevention of care needs through self-determination and choice.
This study was conducted in order to investigate the effect of kyphosis alignment during walking on lower extremity joint power at the stance phase in healthy participants. The composite components of lower extremity joint power in three axial directions were calculated by using a three-dimensional motion analyzer in 15 healthy adult male participants. Two postural conditions, viz., a normal posture (normal posture) and a kyphosis posture with a brace (kyphosis posture), were used. The average and maximum values of joint power in the early, mid, and terminal phases of stance were compared. In the early stance phase, the average, and maximum values of lower extremity joint power were significantly different at the hip and knee joints. The hip joint power was significantly different in the terminal stance phase. The values of hip and knee joint power were significantly different in the terminal stance phase. The workload and work rate increased with hip power in the normal posture and with knee power in the kyphosis posture.