Bioscience of Microbiota, Food and Health
Online ISSN : 2186-3342
ISSN-L : 2186-3342
早期公開論文
早期公開論文の8件中1~8を表示しています
  • Hideto SHIRASAWA, Chisato NISHIYAMA, Rika HIRANO, Takashi KOYANAGI, Sh ...
    原稿種別: Full Paper
    論文ID: 2022-011
    発行日: 2022年
    [早期公開] 公開日: 2022/06/23
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス 早期公開

    It has been reported that the intake of polyamines contributes to the extension of healthy life span in animals. Fermented foods contain high concentrations of polyamines thought to be derived from fermentation bacteria. This suggests that bacteria that produce high levels of polyamines could be isolated from fermented foods and utilized as a source of polyamines for human nutrition. In this study, Staphylococcus epidermidis FB146 was isolated from miso, a Japanese fermented bean paste, and found to have a high concentration of putrescine in its culture supernatant (452 μM). We analyzed the presence of polyamines in the culture supernatants and cells of the type strains of 21 representative Staphylococcus species in addition to S. epidermidis FB146, and only S. epidermidis FB146 showed high putrescine productivity. Furthermore, whole-genome sequencing of S. epidermidis FB146 was performed, and the ornithine decarboxylase gene (odc), which is involved in putrescine synthesis, and the putrescine:ornithine antiporter gene (potE), which is thought to contribute to the release of putrescine into the culture supernatant, were present on plasmid DNA harbored by S. epidermidis FB146.

  • Suguru SAITO, Duo-Yao CAO, Alato OKUNO, Xiaomo LI, Zhenzi PENG, Musin ...
    原稿種別: Full Paper
    論文ID: 2022-018
    発行日: 2022年
    [早期公開] 公開日: 2022/06/17
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス 早期公開

    Creatine is an organic compound which is utilized in biological activities, especially for ATP production in the phosphocreatine system. This is a well-known biochemical reaction that is generally recognized as being mainly driven in specific parts of the body, such as the skeletal muscle and brain. However, our report shows a novel aspect of creatine utilization and ATP synthesis in innate immune cells. Creatine supplementation enhanced immune responses in neutrophils, such as cytokine production, ROS production, phagocytosis, and NETosis, which were characterized as antibacterial activities. This creatine-induced functional upregulation of neutrophils provided a protective effect in a murine bacterial sepsis model. The mortality rate in mice challenged with E. coli K-12 was decreased by creatine supplementation compared with the control treatment. Corresponding to this decrease in mortality, we found that creatine supplementation decreased blood pro-inflammatory cytokine levels and bacterial colonization in organs. Creatine supplementation significantly increased the cellular ATP level in neutrophils compared with the control treatment. This ATP increase was due to the phosphocreatine system in the creatine-treated neutrophils. In addition, extracellular creatine was used in this ATP synthesis, as inhibition of creatine uptake abolished the increase in ATP in the creatine-treated neutrophils. Thus, creatine is an effective nutrient for modifying the immunological function of neutrophils, which contributes to enhancement of antibacterial immunity.

  • Koji HAMURO, Hiroshi SAITO, Takao SAITO, Noriyuki KOHDA
    原稿種別: Full Paper
    論文ID: 2022-014
    発行日: 2022年
    [早期公開] 公開日: 2022/06/06
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス 早期公開

    Secretory IgA plays an important role in the mucosal immune system for protection against pathogens. However, the antigens recognized by these antibodies have only been partially studied. We comprehensively investigated the antigens bound by salivary IgA in healthy adults using microbial protein microarrays. This confirmed that saliva contained IgA antibodies that bind to a variety of pathogenic microorganisms, including spike proteins of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus, Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus, and other human coronavirus species. Also, many subtypes and strains of influenza virus were bound, regardless of the seasonal or vaccine strains. Salivary IgA also bound many serogroups and serovars of E. coli and Salmonella. Taken together, these findings suggest that salivary IgA, which exhibits broad reactivity, is likely an essential element of the mucosal immune system at the forefront of defense against infection.

  • Amany RAMAH, Masahiro YASUDA, Yuki OHASHI, Shoichiro IMATAKE, Noriko I ...
    原稿種別: Full Paper
    論文ID: 2021-058
    発行日: 2022年
    [早期公開] 公開日: 2022/05/27
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス 早期公開

    Tannins (TA) are an anti-nutritional substance commonly used as a natural feed additive for livestock. However, our previous study described the dose-dependent adverse effects of TA on immune responses and growth in chickens. In this study, we evaluated the protective effects of a probiotic preparation (BT) consisting of three different bacteria (Bacillus mesenteric, Clostridium butyricum, and Streptococcus faecalis) against TA-induced immunosuppression in chickens. Forty chicks were divided into 4 groups as follows: the CON group (basal diet), BT group supplemented with 3 g BT/kg diet, tannic acid (TA) group supplemented with 30 g TA/kg diet, and BT+TA group supplemented with 3 g BT/kg diet + 30 g TA/kg diet. The feeding trial lasted for 35 days. Lymphocyte subset, macrophage phagocytosis, cytokine mRNA expression, and primary and secondary IgY immune responses were evaluated. BT supplementation significantly improved TA-induced reductions in final body weight, body weight gain, feed intake, and relative weights of lymphoid organs compared with the TA group. Furthermore, in the spleen and cecal tonsil (CT), the relative populations of CD4⁺, CD8⁺, and CD4⁺CD8⁺ cells in the BT+TA group were significantly ameliorated compared with the TA group. Additionally, comparison with the TA group showed that the chickens in the BT+TA group had an improved relative population of B cells in the CT and that macrophage phagocytosis in the spleen was significantly increased. Chickens in the BT+TA group showed significant increases in IFN-γ and IL-4 mRNA expression in the spleen compared with the TA group. The primary and secondary IgY responses were significantly improved. These results revealed that supplementation with BT protects against TA-induced immunosuppression in chickens.

  • Tugba Küçükkasap CÖMERT, Funda AKPINAR, Salim ERKAYA, Bengul DURMAZ, R ...
    原稿種別: Full Paper
    論文ID: 2022-010
    発行日: 2022年
    [早期公開] 公開日: 2022/05/24
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス 早期公開

    This study aimed to investigate the effect of gestational weight gain on total oxidative stress (TOS), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), oxidative stress index (OSI), dietary antioxidant intake, and the gut microbiome. The study was carried out on 40 pregnant women divided as follows: a) normal prepregnancy weight and gestational weight gain of 11.5−16.0 kg (n=10), b) normal prepregnancy weight and gestational weight gain of >16.0 kg (n=10), c) obese before pregnancy and gestational weight gain of 5−9 kg (n=10), and d) obese before pregnancy and gestational weight gain of >9.0 kg (n=10). Serum TOS and TAC levels, dietary antioxidant intake, and microbiome diversity of the gut microbiome were evaluated during the third trimester of pregnancy. A positive correlation was found between body mass index (BMI) in the third trimester and serum TOS levels and OSI. In women with normal prepregnancy weights, an increase in the Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes phyla was observed when gestational weight gain was above the recommended values (p<0.05). In women who were obese before pregnancy, an increase in the Bacteroidetes phylum only was observed when gestational weight gain was above the recommended values (p<0.05). A positive correlation was found between Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes and OSI, and a negative correlation was found between Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes and dietary antioxidant intake (p<0.05). Prepregnancy body weight, high serum oxidative stress level, and dietary antioxidant intake are determinant factors for microbial diversity, with increased serum TOS levels caused by increased gestational weight gain.

  • Shanshan QI, Donghua LIU, Bo MA, Lei YANG, Haitao YU
    原稿種別: Full Paper
    論文ID: 2021-044
    発行日: 2022年
    [早期公開] 公開日: 2022/04/28
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス 早期公開

    Screening efficient strains by cell platform is cost-effective, but to date, no screening experiments have been performed for targeted lactic acid bacteria with hypoxic/reoxygenation (H/R)-treated cardiomyocytes, and their effects on the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase b (Akt)/endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) pathway in myocardial infarction (MI) are unclear. Here we activated 102 strains of lactic acid bacteria and inoculated them into MRS medium for fermentation. The fermentation supernatants of the lactic acid bacteria were incubated with an H/R model of H9C2 cells. We found that Bifidobacterium longum ZL0210 had the greatest potential for inhibiting the apoptosis of H/R-induced H9C2 cells. Furthermore, it significantly increased the expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) in H9C2 cardiomyocytes, as well as the Bcl-2/Bax protein ratio, protecting damaged myocardial cells via an anti-apoptotic pathway. Intragastric administration of B. longum ZL0210 to mice for one week before and after establishment of an MI model drastically attenuated the myocardial cell hypertrophy and fibrosis of the MI mice. Meanwhile, B. longum ZL0210 significantly reduced the secretion of myocardial enzymes, increased the activity of antioxidant enzymes, and inhibited lipid-oxidative malondialdehyde (MDA) levels. Moreover, it upregulated the expression of tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) protein and the phosphorylation levels of PI3K, Akt, and eNOS, resulting in increased NO contents. In summary, we screened 102 strains of lactic acid bacteria with a cell platform and determined that B. longum ZL0210 was a favorable candidate for protecting the myocardium, and we are the first to reveal the protective effects of B. longum ZL0210 for MI via activation of the PI3K/Akt/eNOS pathway through TRAIL.

  • Khalid S IBRAHIM, Nowara BOURWIS, Sharron DOLAN, John A CRAFT
    原稿種別: Note
    論文ID: 2021-075
    発行日: 2022年
    [早期公開] 公開日: 2022/04/25
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス 早期公開

    Dysbiosis of gut microbiota has adverse effects on host health. This study aimed to determine the effects of changes of faecal microbiota in obese and diabetic rats on the imputed production of enzymes involved in the metabolism of glutamate, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), and succinate. The levels of glutamate decarboxylase, GABA transaminase, succinate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase, and methylisocitrate lyase were reduced or absent in diabetic rats compared with controls and obese rats. Glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) was significantly reduced in obese rats compared with control rats, while the other enzymes were unaltered; different bacterial taxa are suggested to be involved. Levels of bacterial enzymes were inversely correlated with the blood glucose level. These findings suggest that the absence of GABA and reduced succinate metabolism from gut microbiota contribute to the diabetic state in rats.

  • Tahir NAQQASH, Nadia WAZIR, Kashif ASLAM, Ghulam SHABIR, Muhammad TAHI ...
    原稿種別: Full Paper
    論文ID: 2021-022
    発行日: 2022年
    [早期公開] 公開日: 2022/01/13
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス 早期公開

    Probiotics are considered effective microbial dietary supplements that provide beneficial effects to consumers, usually by restoring or improving gut microflora. Goat milk is one of the rich sources of probiotics as well as nutrients. Therefore, the primary aim of this research was to isolate and evaluate the potentials of novel indigenous probiotic strains present in goat milk. Six different raw goat milk samples were collected from different areas of Multan, Pakistan. For bacterial characterization, samples were cultured and isolated on MRS agar plates for different morphological and biochemical tests. The probiotic potentials of the six isolates, all of which were gram positive (G1, G2, G3, G4, G5, and G6) and five of which were catalase negative (all except G1), were assessed via a milk coagulation assay and antimicrobial activity, pH tolerance, phenol tolerance, and sodium chloride (NaCl) tolerance tests, which revealed that all the isolates coagulated in milk and showed protease and lipase activity, except G3. All six isolates showed tolerance against 0.2% phenol and 2–4% NaCl and were able to survive in both alkaline and acidic conditions. Only five isolates showed antimicrobial activity against indicator strain Aspergillusniger strain STA9, validating their probiotic nature. The most potent bile-tolerant and bacteriocin-producing isolate, G1, also showed γ-hemolytic activity and resistance to penicillin but showed susceptibility to other antibiotics. The lactic acid-producing (0.60% titratable acidity) G1 isolate was identified as a novel strain of Mammaliicoccussciuri based on 16S rDNA sequencing. The above findings suggest that the potent Mammaliicoccussciuri GMN01 strain can serve as a potential probiotic strain. A potent probiotic strain isolated from raw goat milk could be utilized as a dietary supplement, and goat milk could become an alternative to other sources of milk, particularly cow milk. However, safety aspects of this strain require further investigation because the present safety tests are insufficient to conclude that the GMN01 isolate is safe.

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