The liver is the primary site of inflammation caused by bacterial endotoxins in sepsis, and septic acute liver injury (SALI) is usually associated with poor outcomes in sepsis. Forsythiaside A (FTA), an active constituent of Forsythia suspensa, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory properties, antioxidant properties, and protective properties against neuroinflammation, sepsis, and edema.Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to examine FTA's potential effects on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced SALI in mice.Our results indicated that pretreatment with FTA significantly attenuated aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and aminoleucine transferase (ALT) levels in plasma, ameliorated histopathological damage, inhibited hepatocyte apoptosis, diminished the expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-6 in the liver from mice exposed to LPS. Furthermore, our data showed that the administration of LPS resulted in robust endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response, as evidenced by GRP78 upregulation, p-PERK activation, elF2α phosphorylation, and ATF4 and CHOP overexpression in the liver. This, in turn, led to nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome activation, including the cleavage of caspase-1, secretion of IL-1β, and pyroptotic cell death in the liver specimens. Importantly, the ER stress response induced by the LPS challenge was blocked by FTA administration. Correspondingly, NLRP3 inflammasome activation was significantly ameliorated by the pretreatment with FTA. Thus, we demonstrated that FTA pretreatment could protect mice from LPS-induced SALI, and its protective effects were possibly mediated by inhibiting ER stress response and subsequent NLRP3 inflammasome activation.