Proceedings of the Japanese Society for Cognitive Psychology
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Displaying 1-50 of 94 articles from this issue
Oral Presentation : Emotion, Thinking & Development
  • Toshiki Saito, Kosuke Motoki, Yuji Takano
    Session ID: O-A01
    Published: 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: April 20, 2022
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    In the wake of global pandemic, interacting with others while wearing masks is emerging as a challenge worldwide. A growing body of literature has reported that face masks hinder emotion recognition in Western samples. Given that diagnostic facial features for recognizing specific emotions (e.g., happiness) differ between Western and Eastern cultures, there would be cultural differences in the effect of face masks on emotion recognition. Relying on the cultural/dialect learning theory in emotion recognition, we conducted a preregistered study where 203 American and 209 Japanese participants judged the emotional expressions of faces (happy, angry, fearful, sad, disgust, and neutral) with/without masks. The results showed cultural differences in the emotion recognition of faces with and without masks. Specifically, face masks hindered happy emotion recognition more in Americans than in Japanese. The results suggest that the effect of wearing masks on emotion recognition depends on the types of emotions and culture.
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  • Reiko SAWADA, Wataru SATO, Ryoichi NAKASHIMA, Takatsune KUMADA
    Session ID: O-A02
    Published: 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: April 20, 2022
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    Emotional faces are detected faster and more accurately than neutral faces. We estimated its cognitive process by analyzing reaction times and accuracy obtained in detecting a target face with emotional expressions or a face with those anti-expressions, which are usually categorized as emotionally neutral, within a crowd of normal neutral faces with the diffusion model. Results showed that the drift rate, which reflects the speed of information accumulation, and the threshold separation, which are related to information amount to be considered, were greater for emotional faces than faces with anti-expressions. They also indicated that the non-decisional time associated with attentional allocation before information accumulation processing was shorter for faces with emotional expressions than those with anti-expressions. These results suggest that rapid and accurate detection of emotional facial expressions is implemented by the cognitive processing with accelerated and adequate information accumulation that is promoted by enhanced attentional allocation.
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  • Masaru Shirasuna, Rina Kagawa, Hidehito Honda
    Session ID: O-A03
    Published: 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: April 20, 2022
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    People often make judgments within a very short time, such as about one second. These judgments are sometimes correct, but sometimes incorrect. How are the cognitive processes that underlie in these judgments? Our study investigated this issue based on mouse trajectories. In a behavioral experiment, participants were presented grid stimuli colored in black and white, and were asked to answer whether the black grids were more than half of the whole grids. Our analyses based on mouse trajectories showed that, about one second after a stimulus was presented, mouse movements often reached maximum velocity and that participants made many incorrect judgments. It is suggested that people are likely to incorrect judgments without cognitive conflict in the first one second.
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  • Taketo SAITOU, Kazuya INOUE, Hiroki HIGUCHI, Tessei KOBAYASHI
    Session ID: O-A04
    Published: 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: April 20, 2022
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
  • Experimental study using verbal probability expressions
    Hidehito Honda, Hirokazu Kumazaki, Kazuhiro Ueda
    Session ID: O-A05
    Published: 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: April 20, 2022
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    Since real-world phenomena often involve uncertainty, people use verbal probability expressions to communicate these phenomena and make decisions based on them. Previous studies have shown that not only the numerical information conveyed by verbal expressions (e.g., "slight chance" conveys a low probability, while "almost certain" conveys a high probability), but also the nuances (e.g., positive expressions such as "slight chance" or negative expressions such as "little chance") affect our decision-making. In the present study, we compared the performance of decision making based on verbal probability expressions between people with autistic traits and those from general population. Results showed that people with autistic traits are 1) strongly affected by verbal nuances and 2) less affected by numerical information conveyed by expressions, indicating that they understand uncertainty and make decisions differently from people from general population. This indicates that people with autistic traits understand uncertainty and make decisions with characteristic way.
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  • Self-choice of background music increases motivation to the task
    Kenshiro Ichimura, Shiho Hirai, Renya Mizuno
    Session ID: O-A06
    Published: 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: April 20, 2022
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    Previous studies are inconsistent on whether or not background music (BGM) affects task engagement, and what kind of BGM is better. One reason for this is the complex and diverse factors associated with BGM, such as tempo and emotional valence. We focused on the self-choice of BGM as a simpler factor and examined its effect. We compared sustained attention to response task engagement in three BGM conditions during the task: self-choice, randomly chosen, and no BGM. Participants created the BGMs in advance, using AI composition tools. We analyzed data from 65 university students. The results showed no difference in task performance. However, subjective concentration was higher in the no BGM condition than in the other conditions. Further, enjoyment was higher in the order of self-choice, randomly chosen, and no BGM conditions. By self-choice of BGM, participants enjoyed the task and maintained their performance, with low awareness of concentration.
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  • ―Continuous Response Data with a Joystick―
    Jimpei Hitsuwari, Shiho Hirai, Takanobu Yoshinaka, Xingting Liu, Shogo ...
    Session ID: O-A07
    Published: 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: April 20, 2022
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    Previously, we found that positive emotions explain beauty of haiku (Hitsuwari & Nomura, 2021), and that cognitive ambiguity reduces aesthetic evaluations of haiku (Hitsuwari & Nomura, in revision). Considering the importance of negative emotions (Menninghaus et al., 2017) and cognitive ambiguity (Muth et al., 2015) in art, the next step should be a more careful examination of the relationship between emotional and cognitive change that occur during haiku appreciation. In this study, we examined the effects of emotional and cognitive changes on the aesthetic evaluation of haiku by evaluating each part of haiku step by step and tracking the continuous emotional response using a joystick. As a result of a laboratory experiment with 113 students, we found that an increase in positive emotions and the resolution of emotional and cognitive ambiguity explain the beauty of haiku, indicating the importance of the process of emotional and cognitive change in haiku appreciation.
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  • A group-based trajectory approach
    Kazuki SAWADA, Yusuke TAKAHASHI, Michio NOMURA
    Session ID: O-A08
    Published: 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: April 20, 2022
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    This study sought to determine heterogeneous developmental trajectories of creativity during early adolescence and to identify parental attitudes explaining the differences between such developmental trajectory groups. Data at the first wave were collected from Japanese middle school students in seventh grade (N = 392). Creativity was measured by the Torrance Tests of Creativity Thinking-Verbal across three waves with six-month intervals. Parental attitudes (autonomy support and psychological control) were measured only at the first wave. Results from a group-based trajectory modelling and model comparisons revealed that creativity developmental trajectories were classified into three groups: low, moderate, and high. Multinomial regression analyses also showed that higher autonomy support and lower psychological control distinguished between the low and moderate groups. Our finding was first to show that the developmental trajectory of verbal creativity during early adolescence is not uniform and that positive parental attitudes partly contribute to the development trajectory of creativity.
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  • Yumi Shimojima, Koji Teruya
    Session ID: O-A09
    Published: 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: April 20, 2022
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
Oral Presentation : Perception & Attention
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