The aim of this study is to enhance awareness of a community’s landscape among its residents so that they will accord top priority for its maintenance in plans for regional development. Additionally, we also declare that members must be encouraged to have their own individual set of images of the landscape to ensure that adequate documentation exists. We confirmed that experiences of members of a community provide a sense of recognition to their local landscape; for this, we referred to "geographical philosophy" espoused by Nobuo Kioka. According to his theory, a landscape structure is trilaminar and triangular. Each layer influences the other. However, whether individual fundamental landscapes have been sufficiently shared within a community is open to question. Therefore, our research focuses on images that are supposedly a part of the fundamental landscape, with a tentative reference to personal landscapes here. We conducted interviews in combination with Environmental Autobiography to collect images or original landscapes from people's memories. The resulting research revealed that documentation of photos and comments provided opportunities to make community members aware that their personal landscapes have been shared with the community. Therefore, an attempt has been made to create awareness of "shareability" within society, an aspect that has hitherto been overlooked.
When developing research on photographers and their photo-studio materials, there is a need to consider the method of targeting the right subject, cataloguing, and providing information. Therefore, in this research, the basic construction of material in the photo studios of three photographers, TOMISHIGE Rihei, OGAWA Kazumasa, and MARUKI Riyou, was compared and analyzed. In addition, two points were clarified:（1) the place and kind of the material which should be researched, and (2) the information contained in the material that was to be retained. In developing this research, the focus was on proposing the new basic guideline for research and cataloging of photographer and photo studio material:
Various art archives and research libraries, not only in the government, but also in the independent foundation, were organized in the 19th century Germany: The Duchess Anna Amalia Library and Goethe-Archive in Weimar are also today important public research archives for literature and art history. The archival science, which established "the principle of provenance" as heuristic method for designing historical study, has supported the modern development of the art archives and could bring great success. On the contrary to "the principle of property", which aided subject-based classification, this principle of provenance could clear the chronological process of dynamic and artistic imagination as typology in the records. Goethe’s morphology and the idea of "Urpflanze" provided an appropriate basis for "the principle of provenance". This study explores how the formation of archival science in the 19th century is influenced by the German discipline of heuristics and hermeneutics.
This lecture will give you an overview of the different types of art archives in Germany. Alongside the numerous administrative archives, there are also many smaller archives that specialize in collecting private records concerning matters of more specific genres or functions. By taking care of personal or institutional papers such as letters, diaries, concepts, photographs etc., they enrich the archival landscape in Germany. In addition to the common tasks of preservation, description, allocation and publication, these specialized archives have to do active acquisition. This lecture will focus on the art archives specifically related to fine arts. In Germany, there are several different types: archives of artists' personal papers, regional art archives, art archives focused on particular subjects, museum archives, archives for individual artists and documentation centers. There are many, varied types of Internet platforms in Germany which help the archives share their ideas with each other and provide the public with information of their holdings. This lecture shouldn't, however, merely inform about the current archive landscape in Germany, but should also disclose possible challenges for the future of the archives like standards of description, digitization of primary documents, archival processing of digital born material, long-term digital preservation or international networking.
The aim of this review article is to observe the diversification of the concept and definition of "digital archives," based on the concerned articles in Japan and abroad. In the English-speaking countries, mainly two opposite definitions of digital archives exist;（a） collection of born-digital records based on activities of people and organization, and （b） websites that provide access to collections of digitized materials. In Japan, especially those eager to policy promotion of digital archives stand for the definition of （b）. In this situation, however, related concepts such as "digital heritage" and "digital collection" should be also considered.