Japanese Journal of Medical Technology
Online ISSN : 2188-5346
Print ISSN : 0915-8669
Volume 66 , Issue J-STAGE-1
Special Issue: Urinary Sediment
Showing 1-11 articles out of 11 articles from the selected issue
Part 1
  • Japanese Association of Medical Technologists; Editorial Committee of ...
    Type: Part 1
    2017 Volume 66 Issue J-STAGE-1 Pages 1-8
    Published: March 31, 2017
    Released: July 11, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS FULL-TEXT HTML

    Among clinical laboratory tests, urine testing has a particularly long history, and it continues to serve as an important screening test for kidney, urinary tract, and systemic diseases. Urine testing can accurately detect five abnormalities of urine, i.e., (1) pyuria, (2) bacteriuria, (3) hematuria, (4) proteinuria, and (5) metabolically abnormal urine (e.g., crystalluria, glycosuria). Urinary sediment examination is a morphological examination that accurately identifies and roughly counts urine formed elements, i.e., epithelial cells, blood cells, casts, crystals/salts, and bacteria, to provide information for detecting any pathological condition accompanying urine abnormalities in combination with qualitative urinary test findings. For urinary sediment examination procedures in Japan, the Japanese Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards proposed guidelines on urinary sediment examination procedures, namely GP1-P3 (urinary sediment examination procedures 2000), in 2000, and the revised version, named GP1-P4 (urinary sediment examination procedures 2010), was released in 2010. In this chapter, we outline the urinary sediment examination procedures according to GP1-P4 (with some modifications).

  • Japanese Association of Medical Technologists; Editorial Committee of ...
    Type: Part 1
    2017 Volume 66 Issue J-STAGE-1 Pages 9-17
    Published: March 31, 2017
    Released: July 11, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS FULL-TEXT HTML

    Among clinical laboratory tests, urine testing has a particularly long history, and it continues to serve as an important screening test for kidney, urinary tract, and systemic diseases. Urine testing can accurately detect five abnormalities of urine, i.e., (1) pyuria, (2) bacteriuria, (3) hematuria, (4) proteinuria, and (5) metabolically abnormal urine (e.g., crystalluria, glycosuria). Urinary sediment examination is a morphological examination that accurately identifies and roughly counts urine formed elements, i.e., epithelial cells, blood cells, casts, salts/crystals, and bacteria, to provide information for detecting any pathological condition accompanying urine abnormalities in combination with qualitative urinary test findings. For urinary sediment examination procedures in Japan, the Japanese Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (JCCLS) proposed guidelines on urinary sediment examination procedures, namely GP1-P3 (urinary sediment examination procedures 2000), in 2000, and the revised version, named GP1-P4 (urinary sediment examination procedures 2010), was released in 2010. In this part, we outline the urinary sediment examination procedures according to GP1-P4 (with some modifications).

Part 2
  • Japanese Association of Medical Technologists; Editorial Committee of ...
    Type: Part 2
    2017 Volume 66 Issue J-STAGE-1 Pages 18-50
    Published: March 31, 2017
    Released: July 11, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS FULL-TEXT HTML
  • Japanese Association of Medical Technologists; Editorial Committee of ...
    Type: Part 2
    2017 Volume 66 Issue J-STAGE-1 Pages 51-85
    Published: March 31, 2017
    Released: July 11, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS FULL-TEXT HTML

    A urinary sediment examination is an important type of non-invasive, repeatable morphological examination. It is necessary to accurately classify and measure urine components, such as epithelial cells, non-epithelial cells (blood cells), casts, salts/crystals, and microorganisms. The clinical significance of a urinary sediment examination is twofold. First, this examination is used to screen for the presence of a lesion in the kidney or urinary tract; second, it is used as a means to collect information on therapeutic and adverse effects of drugs administered to treat a confirmed lesion in the kidney or urinary tract. Pathological conditions are deduced not only from the results of a urinary sediment examination but also from a comprehensive evaluation of the results from various qualitative urinary examinations, such as urinary protein and occult blood tests, as well as biochemical (blood chemical) examinations. However, advances in diagnostic imaging and immunological examinations have allowed the current use of these methods for evaluating lesions in the kidney and urinary tract, and in consequence, the value of a urinary examination used as a screening test has increased further. Given these circumstances, we wished to conduct examinations with a clear understanding of their purpose; in other words, we hope to effectively conduct urine screening examinations, consider pathological conditions based on urinary findings, and observe and provide information useful to patients and for screening participants. In this part, we will explain the role of a urinary sediment examination and also the related technical methodology.

Part 3
  • Japanese Association of Medical Technologists; Editorial Committee of ...
    Type: Part 3
    2017 Volume 66 Issue J-STAGE-1 Pages 86-94
    Published: March 31, 2017
    Released: July 11, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS FULL-TEXT HTML

    Urinary sediment examination is a microscopic observation of the components in urine obtained by centrifugation. Urinary sediments are simple to prepare, and the specimen can be easily produced by anyone. However, the differentiation of urine sediments with a microscope is difficult because the components appearing in urinary sediments are highly varied. For example, calcium oxalate crystals appearing in urine sediments appear in various forms, including octahedral, elliptical, and turbinate. Renal tubular epithelial cells appear in extremely diverse forms from basic cell morphology to those exhibiting a special morphology. To identify these components, it is necessary to have the sufficient knowledge and skills. In this part, photographs of urinary sedimentary components are shown. This atlas is quoted from “Examination of Urinary Sediment 2010,” partially modified. The photographs with “*” are newly added. The purpose of this atlas is to learn the basic knowledge required for the identification of urine sediments. We hope that readers will be able to morphologically differentiate the various components appearing in urine sediments by recognizing specific characteristics.

  • Japanese Association of Medical Technologists; Editorial Committee of ...
    Type: Part 3
    2017 Volume 66 Issue J-STAGE-1 Pages 94-115
    Published: March 31, 2017
    Released: July 11, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS FULL-TEXT HTML

    Urinary sediment examination is a microscopic observation of the components in urine obtained by centrifugation. Urinary sediments are simple to prepare, and the specimen can be easily produced by anyone. However, the differentiation of urine sediments with a microscope is difficult because the components appearing in urinary sediments are highly varied. For example, calcium oxalate crystals appearing in urine sediments appear in various forms, including octahedral, elliptical, and turbinate. Renal tubular epithelial cells appear in extremely diverse forms from basic cell morphology to those exhibiting a special morphology. To identify these components, it is necessary to have the sufficient knowledge and skills. In this part, photographs of urinary sedimentary components are shown. This atlas is quoted from “Examination of Urinary Sediment 2010,” partially modified. The photographs with “*” are newly added. The purpose of this atlas is to learn the basic knowledge required for the identification of urine sediments. We hope that readers will be able to morphologically differentiate the various components appearing in urine sediments by recognizing specific characteristics.

  • Japanese Association of Medical Technologists; Editorial Committee of ...
    Type: Part 3
    2017 Volume 66 Issue J-STAGE-1 Pages 116-122
    Published: March 31, 2017
    Released: July 11, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS FULL-TEXT HTML

    Urinary sediment examination is a microscopic observation of the components in urine obtained by centrifugation. Urinary sediments are simple to prepare, and the specimen can be easily produced by anyone. However, the differentiation of urine sediments with a microscope is difficult because the components appearing in urinary sediments are highly varied. For example, calcium oxalate crystals appearing in urine sediments appear in various forms, including octahedral, elliptical, and turbinate. Renal tubular epithelial cells appear in extremely diverse forms from basic cell morphology to those exhibiting a special morphology. To identify these components, it is necessary to have the sufficient knowledge and skills. In this part, photographs of urinary sedimentary components are shown. This atlas is quoted from “Examination of Urinary Sediment 2010,” partially modified. The photographs with “*” are newly added. The purpose of this atlas is to learn the basic knowledge required for the identification of urine sediments. We hope that readers will be able to morphologically differentiate the various components appearing in urine sediments by recognizing specific characteristics.

  • Japanese Association of Medical Technologists; Editorial Committee of ...
    Type: Part 3
    2017 Volume 66 Issue J-STAGE-1 Pages 123-141
    Published: March 31, 2017
    Released: July 11, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS FULL-TEXT HTML

    Urinary sediment examination is a microscopic observation of the components in urine obtained by centrifugation. Urinary sediments are simple to prepare, and the specimen can be easily produced by anyone. However, the differentiation of urine sediments with a microscope is difficult because the components appearing in urinary sediments are highly varied. For example, calcium oxalate crystals appearing in urine sediments appear in various forms, including octahedral, elliptical, and turbinate. Renal tubular epithelial cells appear in extremely diverse forms from basic cell morphology to those exhibiting a special morphology. To identify these components, it is necessary to have the sufficient knowledge and skills. In this part, photographs of urinary sedimentary components are shown. This atlas is quoted from “Examination of Urinary Sediment 2010,” partially modified. The photographs with “*” are newly added. The purpose of this atlas is to learn the basic knowledge required for the identification of urine sediments. We hope that readers will be able to morphologically differentiate the various components appearing in urine sediments by recognizing specific characteristics.

  • Japanese Association of Medical Technologists; Editorial Committee of ...
    Type: Part 3
    2017 Volume 66 Issue J-STAGE-1 Pages 142-147
    Published: March 31, 2017
    Released: July 11, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS FULL-TEXT HTML

    Urinary sediment examination is a microscopic observation of the components in urine obtained by centrifugation. Urinary sediments are simple to prepare, and the specimen can be easily produced by anyone. However, the differentiation of urine sediments with a microscope is difficult because the components appearing in urinary sediments are highly varied. For example, calcium oxalate crystals appearing in urine sediments appear in various forms, including octahedral, elliptical, and turbinate. Renal tubular epithelial cells appear in extremely diverse forms from basic cell morphology to those exhibiting a special morphology. To identify these components, it is necessary to have the sufficient knowledge and skills. In this part, photographs of urinary sedimentary components are shown. This atlas is quoted from “Examination of Urinary Sediment 2010,” partially modified. The photographs with “*” are newly added. The purpose of this atlas is to learn the basic knowledge required for the identification of urine sediments. We hope that readers will be able to morphologically differentiate the various components appearing in urine sediments by recognizing specific characteristics.

  • Japanese Association of Medical Technologists; Editorial Committee of ...
    Type: Part 3
    2017 Volume 66 Issue J-STAGE-1 Pages 147-154
    Published: March 31, 2017
    Released: July 11, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS FULL-TEXT HTML

    Urinary sediment examination is a microscopic observation of the components in urine obtained by centrifugation. Urinary sediments are simple to prepare, and the specimen can be easily produced by anyone. However, the differentiation of urine sediments with a microscope is difficult because the components appearing in urinary sediments are highly varied. For example, calcium oxalate crystals appearing in urine sediments appear in various forms, including octahedral, elliptical, and turbinate. Renal tubular epithelial cells appear in extremely diverse forms from basic cell morphology to those exhibiting a special morphology. To identify these components, it is necessary to have the sufficient knowledge and skills. In this part, photographs of urinary sedimentary components are shown. This atlas is quoted from “Examination of Urinary Sediment 2010,” partially modified. The photographs with “*” are newly added. The purpose of this atlas is to learn the basic knowledge required for the identification of urine sediments. We hope that readers will be able to morphologically differentiate the various components appearing in urine sediments by recognizing specific characteristics.

  • Japanese Association of Medical Technologists; Editorial Committee of ...
    Type: Part 3
    2017 Volume 66 Issue J-STAGE-1 Pages 154-164
    Published: March 31, 2017
    Released: July 11, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS FULL-TEXT HTML

    Urinary sediment examination is a microscopic observation of the components in urine obtained by centrifugation. Urinary sediments are simple to prepare, and the specimen can be easily produced by anyone. However, the differentiation of urine sediments with a microscope is difficult because the components appearing in urinary sediments are highly varied. For example, calcium oxalate crystals appearing in urine sediments appear in various forms, including octahedral, elliptical, and turbinate. Renal tubular epithelial cells appear in extremely diverse forms from basic cell morphology to those exhibiting a special morphology. To identify these components, it is necessary to have the sufficient knowledge and skills. In this part, photographs of urinary sedimentary components are shown. This atlas is quoted from “Examination of Urinary Sediment 2010,” partially modified. The photographs with “*” are newly added. The purpose of this atlas is to learn the basic knowledge required for the identification of urine sediments. We hope that readers will be able to morphologically differentiate the various components appearing in urine sediments by recognizing specific characteristics.

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