This paper describes a one-board microcomputer system for the experimental study of animal physiological psychology. The system consists of three interconnected one-board microcomputers, I/O devices, interfaces for experimental apparatus, and an acoustic coupler. One of the three one-board microcomputers is Intel SDK-85 which has 8 bit CPU. The other two are Hitachi H680 TRs which have 16 bit CPUs. Each of these microcomputers is assigned to its specialized sub-function of this system, and they operate concurrently. This is a low-cost optimized system. The system is used both for the control of experiment and the acquisition and primary processing of experimental data, and for the on-line communication with the computer centers through the acoustic coupler and the switched line; higher processing of data, software development, literature search, model development, etc. This system is low-cost, understandable, amenable to maintenance, expansible, and easy to connect with experimental apparatus.
This report presents an analogue data processing system, utilizing a small general purpose computer(HITAC E 600)for the electrooculography data reduction. The major characteristics of the system are as follows. 1. Whole process, from analogue-to-digital conversion to data processing can be put into practice interactively. 2. High operationability is attained by making use of process parameters file on disk. 3. Sufficient digital filtering is provided. 4. By using fast Fourier transformation, power spectra, coherence, and phase are calculated in a short time.
A personal computer with an RS-232 C interface can be used as an intelligent TSS terminal which can send programs or data in a floppy disk to a host computer, vice versa. In the present paper, a BASIC program is introduced to connect NEC PC-9801 personal computer system with HITAC M-280 H of the University of Tokyo, and some problems in making such a terminal control program are discussed. Methods for off-line edition are also introduced. The software described here seems to be helpful to utilize resources in other computer systems including program libraries, data bases, peripheral units, and so on.
Using a personal-computer-based TSS terminal, Statistical Analysis System(SAS, SAS/GRAPH), aVTAM-based statistical package, and databases were accessed for analyzing the data from Japanese ancient colors. ALSCAL(MDS), FACTOR, and several SAS/GRAPH procedures were introduced to demonstrate the capability of apersonal-computer-based terminal. Further, several databases from U. S. A. were evaluated. It was demonstrated that microprocessor-based telecommunication would be aversatile tool for data analysis system.
The present paper is an introduction for the RT-11 Prolog(Edinburgh version), a logical program language developed by A. I. Department of Edinburgh University, on the LSI-11 minicomputer system in our laboratory. We introduce a small Prolog program as an example, which describe the family relation ship of the cats in my house. In this program, we use English sentences to communicate with the computer system as if the computer understood English. We are now in preparation for the further complicated Prolog program in order to control a psychological experiment using a natural language.
Slow-down of Japanese growth in economy and increase of the aged in Japan force us to reexamine a system of social welfare from the financial points of view. Then community care in social welfare will be more important and volunteers have a central role in community activity. Therefore studies of volunteers are necessary to detect latent volunteers and to construct a social system in which people living together help each other. But there are few studies about consciousness of volunteers. This paper intends to quantitatively explain a latent and vague structure in consciousness of volunteers by means of Fuzzy Quantification Theory(Type II)based on fuzzy set theory. Questionnaires which asked female inhabitants in a certain city in Japan are analyzed and characteristic factors that influence them to become a volunteer or not are derived quantitatively.
From fuzzy set-theoretical points of view, this paper deals with a method to model quantitative external criterion by using qualitative multivariate data which are obtained in vague and ambiguous circumstances. The problem is to explain quantitative change in the external criterion by using qualitative values of multivariate data which are given by subjective recognition and judgement. In this paper those qualitative values are assumed to be fuzzy degree of membership in qualitative categories which are type II fuzzy sets and quantitative change in the external criterion is given as fuzzy numbers. The main stresses are that our approach to the quantification treatment of such qualitative data is based on fuzzy set theory, that this is different from Hayashi's approach employed in his quantification theory type I which deals with crisp cases of ours and that our method can be solved by linear programming.