Zairyo-to-Kankyo
Online ISSN : 1881-9664
Print ISSN : 0917-0480
ISSN-L : 0917-0480
Volume 58 , Issue 10
Showing 1-3 articles out of 3 articles from the selected issue
Commentary
Research Paper
  • Nobuhiko Hiraide, Tatsuhisa Muneno, Haruhiko Kajimura
    2009 Volume 58 Issue 10 Pages 348-355
    Published: October 15, 2009
    Released: March 19, 2010
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Reaction of Cr and Cr2O3 with NaCl were investigated in air at 673-973 K. In the presence of NaCl, mass gain of Cr was remarkably accelerated. Na2CrO4 and Cl2 were produced during heating Cr2O3 with NaCl. Na2CrO4, Cl2, CrCl2, CrCl3, and Cr2O3 were produced when Cr was heated with NaCl. Na2CrO4 and Cl2 were produced by the reaction of Cr with NaCl and O2. CrCl2 and CrCl3 were produced by the reaction of Cr with Cl2. Na2CrO4, CrCl2 and CrCl3 accelerated the oxidation of Cr.
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  • Norio Nakayama, Shukuji Asakura
    2009 Volume 58 Issue 10 Pages 356-362
    Published: October 15, 2009
    Released: March 19, 2010
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Severe localized corrosion of steel pipes, buried in concrete/soil systems (known as macro-cell corrosion), is induced by cathodic reactions on those steel surfaces that are located in the concrete, accompanied by anodic reactions (i.e., corrosion) on those surfaces that are located in the soil. The addition of cathodic inhibitors to the concrete, in the form of cement admixtures, is therefore expected to be an effective means of suppressing this phenomenon. Concrete test specimens (ordinary Portland cement; water/cement ratio: 61%), containing uric acid as the inhibitor have been formulated and the inhibitory effect of uric acid on the macro-cell corrosion has been examined by the measurement, over 862 days, of the currents flowing between the steel (SGP) pipes embedded in the concrete test specimens and those buried in soil. Dry mixing of 10% uric acid by weight was shown to decrease the currents, which indicates that macro-cell corrosion can be effectively controlled by uric acid. Addition of 0.3 or 3% uric acid was ineffective. This tendency was also supported by the results of weight-loss measurements of steel pipes buried in soil. The inhibitory effect becomes more predominant as the measurement time increases (inhibition efficiencies: 64% for 0-862 days, 78-91% for 297-862 days).
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