The purpose of this study was to obtain new knowledge about the occupational stress of human service professionals, and we focused on occupations that follow a specific occupational view. We conducted an anonymous, self-administered questionnaire survey of 1,000 teachers and 850 hospital nurses from January to March 2015, among which 452 were analyzed（response rate 25.6％ and valid response rate 95.6％）. More than 80 percent of respondents answered that their “dedicated attitudes” and “a sense of mission” on a specific type of commitment were “necessary”, and 31.2 and 14.8 percent of respondents answered on matters considered to be workers'right today that “taking paid leave” and “adequate salary for their job” were “not required,” respectively. An occupational stress response score was significantly higher among the group that followed a specific occupational view than the one that did not, showing that stressors that led to “feeling of depression” differed between the “needed” and “not required” groups in “professional ideal.” These findings showed that the difference in occupational views would be related to occupational stress and awareness of stressors leading to stress responses.
This study was conducted to find out about the relationship between risk of falling and both evaluation of locomotive syndrome and motor functions of the toes, through a survey targeting 51 elderly men living in the community. The survey was composed of the following items：a simplified evaluation index for risk of falling；open-eye single-leg standing time measurement and Locomotive Syndrome Risk Test（two-step test, stand-up test, and GLFS-25）for locomotive syndrome evaluation；and ten-second toe movement test, toe grip force measurement, and toe pinch force measurement for evaluation of toe motor function. The results indicated that about one fourth of the subjects carried a risk of falling, with significant correlations between all measurement items and risk of falling（r ＞ 0.47, p ＜ 0.01）. This tendency was most prominent for the two-step test（r ＝− 0.679） in the locomotive syndrome evaluation, and toe grip force（r ＝− 0.574）in the toe motor function evaluation. These two factors reflect the toesʼ strengthwhen making contact with the ground, as well as dynamic balancing ability；therefore, it was suggested that training to improve these could lead to reduced risk of falling.