Japanese Journal of Comprehensive Rehabilitation Science
Online ISSN : 2185-5323
ISSN-L : 2185-5323
Original Article
  • Yoshikazu Hideshima, Toyoko Asami, Masayoshi Ichiba, Kiyomi Matsuo, To ...
    原稿種別: Original Article
    2024 年 15 巻 p. 8-16
    発行日: 2024/04/02
    公開日: 2024/04/03
    ジャーナル フリー

    Hideshima Y, Asami T, Ichiba M, Matsuo K, Murata T. A study on the effectiveness of training in the operation of an electric mobility aid in severely mentally and physically handicapped children. Jpn J Compr Rehabil Sci 2024; 15: 8-16.

    Purpose: We examined whether operation training for children with severe mental and physical disabilities using recently developed electric mobility aids improves their skills in operating such aids and their daily activities. By doing so, we aimed to clarify the effectiveness of electric mobility aid operation training for children with severe mental and physical disabilities.

    Method: Operation training and normal training using an electric mobility aid were conducted for 42 school-aged children with severe mental and physical disabilities, aged 8-18 years old. The trainee children were randomly assigned to two groups: 21 to the intervention group to receive operation training and 21 to the control group to receive general training. The intervention lasted 20 minutes/training session, with three sessions/week over a period of eight weeks. The Powered Mobility Program (PMP) and Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI) were used for pre- and post-intervention assessments, and SPSS was used for two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA).

    Results: PMP scaled scores significantly increased (p = 0.001) in both groups, but there was no interaction effect. The PEDI scaled scores did not significantly increase in either of the two groups.

    Discussion: The effects of the intervention and use of the electric mobility aid on the operating skills of children with severe mental and physical disabilities were explicitly demonstrated. Future long-term studies are required to clarify the effects of training in the operation of electric mobility aids on the subsequent development of severely physically and mentally handicapped children.