“Yamakiya School” is a community empowerment activity which started in 2016 in the Yamakiya district, Kawamata, Fukushima Prefecture, after the districtʼs evacuation order for the Fukushima nuclear disaster had been lifted. It mostly involves farming activities and included learning radiology in the beginning. This study was conducted to clarify the activityʼs impact on the level of the participantsʼ anxiety toward radiation and reasons for their continued participation. After preliminary hearings, a survey was conducted presenting quantitative and qualitative questions. The main findings were the following: (1) The main reason that the outsiders participated was to interact with residents and other participants and take part in the farming activities, (2) Their interest in food produced in Fukushima Prefecture and radiation reports increased, as did their rapport with the residents, (3) Although learning about radiology did not significantly affect the level of the participantsʼ anxiety as early participants already had high levels of knowledge about radiation, it contributed to bolstering the robustness of their knowledge and, (4) The participants wished to continue participating to witness community reestablishment.
In this paper, I presented the method to show similarities between paired individuals by using connected graph and applied it to show the similarities of districts in the central region of Tottori prefecture regarding composition ratios of agricultural departments. In this study, I calculated the dissimilarity index between paired districts by using an average absolute value of differences in the percentages of the number of farms producing products belonging to each of five departments from which they earn most farm receipts, occupied in the total number of farms. In this method, the dissimilarities are expressed based on the shortest distances between paired districts on the connected graph, which is adopted as a result of deletion of edges one after another from the complete graph in such a manner that an edge, which realizes highest correlation coefficient between the dissimilarity index and shortest distance on the connected graph for the paired districts after deletion, is chosen for each deletion stage. As the districts are connected through edges in a connected graph, the similarity relationship of districts can be shown systematically through the manner of connections among districts compared with usual methods applying multivariate analyses. In case of the application to the region, factors influencing the similarity were also reflected on the difference in branches of the connected graph. Therefore, the method is useful to analyze the similarity relationship systematically among individuals such as districts.
In this study, we clarified the process of constructing a capture system and the contents of activities from interview surveys and material surveys. From the results, we clarified the factors that made it possible to build a community-based capture system. The purpose is to examine “how can we build a community-based capture system in an area where the new distribution of wild animals is expanding”. In this study, we conducted a case study in Nakajima Island in Matsuyama City, Ehime Prefecture, where a new catching system was constructed from the situation where there are no wild boar catchers in the area where wild boars have newly expanded. The factors that made it possible to build a new community-based capture system in Nakajima Island are summarized in three points：1）organizational cooperation between the old local government level and local community level, 2）construction of a capture system led by the local community, and 3）multi-layered logistical support through cooperation between prefectural government, city government, and the University. The construction of a capture system at the old local government level made it possible to “create new capturers in the early stages of new distribution expansion” and “continue capture activities in local community level, including small-scale communities”. The residentsʼ association took the initiative in establishing a capture system, which ensured the psychological safety of the capturers and enabled positive and sustainable capture efforts, as well as coordinating interests between existing hunters and local catchers. Furthermore, it is thought that the multi-layered logistical support provided by the cooperation of prefectural government, city government, and the University brought about the scientific knowledge and technology related to capture, which also contributed to the construction of a community-based capture system in the newly habitat expansion area.
The objective of this paper is to formulate the shipping agentʼs behaviour in “Kinoeki project”, one of the economic activities in mountainous area in Japan. We selected the project carried out in Nakagawa-machi, Tochigi prefecture as the target of analysis. We selected this area, because the project has worked with high standards in longer term than Kinoeki projects in other areas. In Kinoeki project, there are four types of agents, shipping agent, steering agent, using agent and shop agent. Shipping agents ship the woods material remained in forests. Steering agents coordinate the whole project. Using agents utilize the woods material. Shop agents sell the goods to shipping agents by community currency instead of money. Firstly, interview surveys were conducted to every agent. And we picked up the problems in the project. Then we did additional research on shipping agent and shop agent. We carried out questionnaire surveys to investigate the consciousness and evaluation of shipping agent and formulate the relationship between their behaviour and consciousness. As a result of this study, we find that we can classify shipping agents to two types of agents. One type of shipping agents ships huge amount of wood, who will consider the activity as economical behaviour. And the other type of agents who ships little amount will consider the activity as social service.