In Japan, the suicide by bullying took place m ostly continuously in the elementary school, the junior high school, and the high school in 2006. Now, children are in the situation which is in the crisis concerned with character. In such a situation, it is thought that physical education should pursue the character building for the purpose of formation of sociality or morality. The purpose of this paper is to examine critically the prec e dence research on the character building in physical education. And it is to clarify the result and problem of the character building theory in physical education through the critical examination of the precedence research.This study will give the effective suggestions for building the character building theory in future physical education. The results were summarized as follows. 1) It is necessary to build clearly the explicit concept of the “character building” in physical education. 2) The study on the “character building” in physical education must be added comprehensive analysis and examination from the relation with ideal changes of school physical education of Japan and the national curriculum for school physical education of Japan. 3) The study on the character building in physical education needs to be considered, clarifying related structure with sports culture. 4) The study on the character building in physical education needs to be considered from the position of creating new society, having the viewpoint of social criticism.