Sources of research funding: We gratefully acknowledge the support of the 17th Congress of the Japanese Society for Emergency Medicine support of this program.
Ethical considerations: The program was conducted after receiving approval from the Institutional Animal Experiment Committee of the Jichi Medical University, and in accordance with the Institutional Regulation for Animal Experiments and Fundamental Guideline for Proper Conduction of Animal Experiment and Related Activities in Academic Research Institutions under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan. It was approved on April 9th, 2014. The approval number is 14-225.
Disclosure of conflicts of interests: We gratefully acknowledge the contributions of personnel from Panasonic Corp. who enabled the interactive communication system.
Introduction: Live surgery demonstrations have been widely used in surgical education. However, they cannot be used to demonstrate trauma surgery due to the emergency situation and lack of informed consent. The aim of this study was to conduct a live demonstration of trauma surgery with a porcine model to increase educational opportunities in trauma surgery.
Methods: Live demonstration was conducted at the Center for Development of Advanced Medical Technology (CDAMtec) , Jichi Medical University, Japan. An experienced trauma surgeon instructed three trainees during a live demonstration using pre-planned injuries in a porcine model. A six-point Likert Scale was used on a written survey to determine the value of the program to the viewers. Free-form written comments were also obtained from the participants. Live images of the surgical field were transmitted to a lecture room by a closed wireless LAN with interactive bidirectional audio capability.
Results: Eighty-three participants viewed this live demonstration and completed the questionnaire. Participants were highly satisfied with the live demonstration (mean survey scores: 4.6-5.1/6) , and gave very positive feedback concerning the educational value of this program. Nine free-form comments were submitted, which revealed that the participants felt they could acquire concrete skills for trauma surgery.
Discussion: Live demonstrations for trauma surgery using a porcine model are a feasible and effective educational tool to demonstrate technical procedures and non-technical skills, with possible added advantages regarding the ethical considerations of performing a live surgery demonstration.