Objectives：To receive valuable suggestions on how the family group should shape the future path, through the analysis of the mental transformation that took place before the participation in the group and the things acquired from the parents of the group. Methods：Two researches based on the method of ethnography were made by using the data of the participant observation and the interviews to the seventeen members of the groups. Results：Two categories were identified through the research（the mental transformation that took place before the participation in the group, the things acquired through its participation）. The first consists of six stages：chaos, regret/ self-reproach, the feeling of isolation, retrace/ hope, never returning/ resolution, its participating . The preparedness to the illness became an obstacle to its participation. The second includes six factors：information, hope for the future, safe refuge, trusted circle, knowledge through experience, self-confidence. These six factors are thought to be very important “resources” of the group of the region. The importance of its role was clarified through the research：the group not only waits for new members, but also positively holds out helping hands to the family that does not join the group.
The purpose of this study was to identify a nursing interaction process for preschoolers that would aid in their recovery in the early postoperative period following intrusive surgical procedures. The study design was descriptive, involving isolation of qualitative factors. The methods of data collection were participatory observation of child-nurse interactions and reflective interviews with participating nurses. Data were analyzed using the constant comparative method, known as the grounded theory approach. The study participants were nine children（age 3-5 years）who had undergone surgery, their families, and 42 nurses. Analysis of observation and interview data identified the concept of the “nursing process that enables children ability to perform activities of daily living.” This concept includes the “process of the child reclaiming their ability to perform activities of daily living” and the “process of continuing to invest energy in protecting oneself.” The “process of reclaiming their ability to perform activities of daily living” is a step-by-step process in which children reclaim their ability to perform activities of daily living through interaction with nurses. The stages observed in this process were “protecting oneself from confusing situations,” “achieving the sensation of daijoubu,” “reclaiming self-ability,” and “reclaiming one’s normal self.”
We conducted a questionnaire survey to clarify the relationship between state of normative consciousness and experience of alcohol drinking among underage students at university of health and social services. The questionnaire was distributed to 370 first-year students at universities of health and social services；results from respondents who were underage at the time of the survey were analyzed for the relationship between their normative consciousness and experience of alcohol drinking using a chi-square（χ2）test. The response rate was 81.5%. Only a minority of students had experienced problem/risk-taking behaviors, indicating high normative consciousness overall. In all, 17.8% of the students had experienced alcohol drinking. Characteristics of students with experience of alcohol drinking included low self-esteem related to family and disregard for traffic rules. In particular, violations of the Road Traffic Law were regarded as reflecting a low state of normative consciousness rather than a state of having had an undesirable experience as a general norm in daily life. The results of the survey suggested the need for education to enhance normative consciousness and for student education on underage alcohol drinking as part of university education in the future.
Objective：I aimed to examine factors related to slight dizziness to prevent falls. Methods：I analyzed 108 community-dwelling elderly subjects to obtain answers concerning lifestyle- and health-related items and general self-efficacy scale（GSES）, using a questionnaire. Furthermore, blood pressure and heart rate for each patient were measured in a standing position test（sitting, standing, and in a standing position）. I obtained the autonomic nerve index from heart rate measurements. Multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted using the presence or absence of awareness regarding slight dizziness as the dependent variable（0：absence, 1：presence）.The presence or absence of chronic fatigue, lower limb-related health problems, frequency of outings per week,（dummy variable 0：absence, 1：presence）, GSES scores, diastolic blood pressure when standing, and low frequency autonomic nerve index were used as independent variables. Results：Lower limb-related health problems（OR = 10.587, 95% CI 3.897-28.765）and chronic fatigue（OR = 3.155, 95% CI 1.134-8.781）significantly increased the odds ratio for awareness regarding slight dizziness. Diastolic blood pressure of 71.2 mmHg（OR = 0.884, 95% CI 0.902-0.996）decreased significantly awareness regarding slight dizziness. Conclusion：Preventing falls in the elderly can be incorporated into healthcare, including lower limb care, recovery from a feeling of weariness, and blood pressure measurements.
The purpose of this study is to verify that a relaxation effect is acquired by the operation of shiatsu（finger pressure therapy）on hands and fingers. Subjects are healthy adult females in twenties and thirties. After the administration of POMS（Profile of Mood State）Brief, the subjects were kept in resting supine position for 10 minutes, and then the shiatsu was operated from right and left fingers to brachial regions for 10 minutes. From 10 minutes before to 15 minutes after the shiatsu operation, skin temperature of both legs and heart rate were measured, and then the POMS was re-administered at the end. Analyses were conducted by comparing statistically the changes in the skin temperature and the heart rate, and by comparing the POMS points before and after the shiatsu operation by a paired t-test. In the results, the skin temperature was decreased at all measuring points just after the shiatsu operation, and then was increased gradually except for peripheral sites. The heart rate was decreased just after the operation for 10 minutes. For the POMS, the decrease of the points was recognized after the operation（p < 0.05）in the four items；T-A（Tension-Anxiety）, D（Depression-Dejection）, F（Fatigue）, and C（Confusion）. Thus, the shiatsu operation was confirmed to show the relaxation effect.