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以下の条件での結果を表示する:
全文: "ボスマン判決"
7件中 1-7の結果を表示しています
  • 上田 滋夢, 山下 秋二
    体育・スポーツ経営学研究
    2014年 27 巻 35-53
    発行日: 2014/02/20
    公開日: 2018/01/18
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 池田 勝
    日本体育学会大会号
    1998年 49 巻
    発行日: 1998/08/20
    公開日: 2017/08/25
    会議録・要旨集 フリー
  • 有元 健
    スポーツ社会学研究
    2018年 26 巻 1 号 3-4
    発行日: 2018/03/30
    公開日: 2019/03/30
    ジャーナル フリー
  • ―イングランド・プロフットボールクラブを事例として―
    飯田 義明
    スポーツ産業学研究
    2006年 16 巻 1 号 13-23
    発行日: 2006/03/31
    公開日: 2010/07/27
    ジャーナル フリー
    The purpose of this study was to clarify the way in which the stadium securitization was introduced to finance professional football clubs in England during the period of 1989 to 2002, and also to analyse the general structure and current practices of such deals. First phase of this development was the modernization of stadiums, prompted by the Taylor Report. The second phase was characterised by the transformation of clubs into joint-stock companies for more stable financing, which also coincided with the stadium refurbishment and the consequent spread of stadium hospitality business. The third phase was where the clubs discovered securitization of stadiums as a method of attaining long-term financing. It was discovered that the place of stadium in the club's financial operation was thereby changed. It was also found that securitization is a large and long-term source of finance, which also happens to be more flexible than loans from banks, and therefore easier to use. However, it also became clear that this method of financing requires each club to maximize their stadium revenues. These English cases also suggest that depending on where the money is reinvested, such financial practices can potentially put club finances in danger.
  • 高橋 義雄
    スポーツ産業学研究
    2004年 14 巻 1 号 13-22
    発行日: 2004/03/31
    公開日: 2011/03/01
    ジャーナル フリー
    This study deals with factors affecting the migration of J.League players. The purpose of this study is to describe the reasons why J.League players transfer to foreign football clubs. The data of this study were collected from Internet websites, magazines, newspapers, books that the players published, and statistical reports. In this study, 107 cases were gathered. First in this study, the history of the migration of Japanese football players during 1975-2003 is described and the numbers of cases and the destinations of the players are explained. The pattern of the migration is divided into three periods. The first period is from 1975 to 1992. This period was before the launching of the J.League. In Japan, there had not been any professional football players before 1986. Therefore, small numbers of migration, just 20 cases were found. The second period was from 1993 to 1997. In this period, J.League was started, however because the Japanese national team had never qualified for the World Cup, the reputation of Japanese players was not so high. The last period was after 1998. In this period, the Japanese national team could qualify for the France World Cup and Nakata, Hidetoshi succeeded in playing for the Italian club, 'Perugia'. In this period, the numbers of the migrations of the J.League players greatly increased. This study also shows some factors affecting the migration of the J.League players. The factors were divided into psychological factors, skill and adaptation factors, and socioinstitutional factors. Moreover, our findings regarding these factors support McGovern's paper of 2002.
  • 池田 勝
    体育学研究
    1998年 43 巻 5-6 号 225-233
    発行日: 1998/11/10
    公開日: 2017/09/27
    ジャーナル フリー
    Over the past three decades, sport has developed into a global phenomenon. The increasing economic, cultural and political significance of sport has been recognized by governments throughout the world. Through a careful review of cross-national research literature on sport policies since the late 1960s, when the globalization of sport began to emerge, it is suggested that there were three developmental stages in this field. The first stage was the decade from the late 1960s, stimulated by the international development of the "sport for all" movement. The next stage was the decade of expansion of collaborative efforts among scholars encouraged by the foundation of the International Committee on Comparative Physical Education and Sport(ICCPES)and the adoption of the International Charter on Physical Education and Sport by UNESCO in 1978. The final stage was the decade that saw the political dislocation of the countries of Eastern Europe and the consolidation of the new European Community. During this period, most countrie were confronted increasingly by similar problems and issues such as drug abuse, spectator violence, the exploitation of young athletes and the access of television channels to major international sport events. A global network for sport information has developed to access data from the "gray literaure" in this field. Research methodology has also improved from a descripitive or encyclopedic approach to more dedicated adoption of research parameters and theoretical models of policy analysis in general.
  • ドイツブンデスリーガに着目して
    坪井 和音, 萩 裕美子
    生涯スポーツ学研究
    2015年 11 巻 2 号 1-12
    発行日: 2015/03/31
    公開日: 2015/09/30
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Now, J-league has problems which increase deficit teams and decrease attendance, because the global economic crisis and The Great East Japan Earthquake. In contrast, Bundesliga in Germany has been growing in recent years in spite of European debt crisis. The purpose of this study is to clarify the factor which Bundesliga has been growing in recent years. The method of this study is literature searching. The main results were as the following. (1)In recent year, Bundesliga is growing in attendance, performance, and revenue. (2)The factor of increasing attendance is that makes safety measure and renewal stadiums. In addition, the ticket of Bundesliga is more reasonable than other major football league. (3)The factor of improving performance is that makes the 390 youth centers and obligate all clubs to have youth academy and extinguish the foreigner category. (4)The factor of increasing revenue is stable management because Bundesliga has club license rule and ban one owner.
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