詳細検索結果
以下の条件での結果を表示する:
全文: "名鉄協商"
3件中 1-3の結果を表示しています
  • 安江 勇弥, 金森 亮, 山本 俊行, 森川 高行
    土木学会論文集D3(土木計画学)
    2013年 69 巻 5 号 I_761-I_770
    発行日: 2013年
    公開日: 2014/12/15
    ジャーナル フリー
    各国でカーシェアリングのサービス利用が進んでいるが,我が国でも民間事業者による運営が本格的に始まり,最近ではカーシェアリングが交通手段の一つとして認識されてきている.本研究では,カーシェアリングの更なる普及・利用促進に向けて,会員と非会員との環境意識や自動車保有意識の差異及びサービス変化に対する感度を把握することを目的としてWEBアンケート調査を実施した.その結果,会員と非会員で自動車保有意識に差がみられ,カーシェアリングの利便性を高めることで更なる普及の可能性があること,乗り捨て方式や電気自動車の導入に対して利用意向が高く,利用促進に効果的であることを示す.
  • 河尻 陽子, 金森 亮, 山本 俊行, 森川 高行
    土木学会論文集D3(土木計画学)
    2014年 70 巻 5 号 I_487-I_500
    発行日: 2014年
    公開日: 2015/05/18
    ジャーナル フリー
    各都市でカーシェアリングサービスの拡充が進んでいるなか,本研究では名古屋市を中心に事業展開されているカーシェアリングの利用実態の把握を目的に,運営管理データを分析する.用いた運営管理データは数カ月間の車両GPSデータや予約データであり,利用車両軌跡の追跡による利用目的の把握,クラスター分析による利用パターンの把握,地域特性を考慮した利用目的判別モデル(決定木)を構築する.分析結果から名古屋のカーシェアリングは男女で利用パターンが異なること,利用直前の予約が多いこと,私事目的での利用が最も多いこと,を明らかにした.
  • 伊藤 健司
    人文地理
    1997年 49 巻 2 号 121-141
    発行日: 1997/04/28
    公開日: 2009/04/28
    ジャーナル フリー
    The recession of the 1990's pressed many Japanese corporations to restructure. In former recessions, corporations dealt with recessions by rationalization in works in the field like plants and stores. In this recession, however, they needed to rationalize their divisions related to office functions. Many firms in various industries cut back their white-collar workers by transferring them to associated companies, reduction of new hiring, and so on.
    This study aims to clarify how one Japanese corporation rationalized and changed the spatial organization of its office functions during this recession. The object of this study is Uny Corporation, which is one of the major retail corporations in Japan. Its main market is the Chukyo-area, central Japan. There are two main reasons why I choose this company. The first one is that Uny is an advanced and remarkable case. It reduced 1/2 of its headquarter's staff and transferred all of its office facilities. And the other reason is that Uny took spatial factors for its rationalization into consideration, like the transferring of its headquarter from the CBD of a large city to its suburbs, and reallocation of the former headquaters staff to the stores near their home.
    The method, effect and influence of rationalization are summarised as follows:
    1. Uny transferred its offices in order to reduce fixed costs (=rental costs). It had a headquarters in Nagoya and three regional headoffices in Tokyo, Shizuoka and Kanazawa. By autumn 1993, Uny reduced each of their office's staff and moved them from rental buildings to its own facilities like retail stores and distribution centers. This was for the purpose of cutting such rental costs. As a result, Uny didn't have to pay 121 million yen for rental space. This transfer cost a total of 170 million yen, but this is less than one and half years of the previous rent.
    2. The transfer of their headquarters to suburbs reduced the ability for easy face-to-face contacts with other businesses. Uny transfered its headquaters from downtown Nagoya to the city of Inazawa. Inazawa is a suburb northwest of Nagoya. By moving to Inazawa, the access time for clients making contact with Uny's headquater was raised from 58.1 minutes in average to 85.8 (+47.8%). For clients, it now means an increase of time and travelling expenses. For Uny itself, however, the demerit of transfer was relatively small.
    3. Uny went a step further, out-sourcing its headquaters' affairs. The information system department could reduce its staff sharply by not developing software for themselves. And the sales promotion departmet also reduced its staff by placing coordinate affairs with outside suppliers.
    4. As the headquarter staff was reduced drastically, those workers were re-allocated to the retail outlets. The principal concept was to ensure that store be“near their homes”. For the staff, it meant that commuting time had been shortened, and for the corporation, it cut down the commuting costs. Re-allocation to stores made productivity fall for a time, but Uny developed new stores. This is, therefore, not a backward restructuring plan but a forward one. In the case of re-allocation of store managers, they were also transferred to a store which was near their home.
    The above-mentioned rationalization very much influenced business affairs, staff and trading partners. The factors which rationalize Uny's restructuring are as follows:
    1. Profits of Uny declined in 1992, then rationalization was unavoidable, and the whole Japanese economy was also going from bad to worse.
    2. Uny is one of the major retail companies, and has about 120 shopping centers, so its buying power is very big. And Uny functions on the demand side. Although the cost to contact Uny's headquaters increased for partners, most of them wanted to continue doing businesses with Uny anyway.
feedback
Top