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  • 平山 育男, 木村 勉, 御船 達雄, 梅嶋 修, 西澤 哉子
    日本建築学会技術報告集
    2016年 22 巻 51 号 767-770
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2016/06/20
    ジャーナル フリー
    This article examined the building used the Japanese nail and the Western nail together, and following points became clear.
    The combination of the Japanese nail and the Western nail began in the advanced area early in the Meiji era and concentrated on it generally in the latter half from the Meiji early 10s.
    There was a dual circulation period for the switch of the Western nail from the Japanese nail, and every use point was gradually rearranged from the Japanese nail to the Western nail.
  • 渡辺 篤史, 岡崎 篤行
    日本建築学会計画系論文集
    2016年 81 巻 720 号 369-376
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2016/02/28
    ジャーナル フリー
     The purpose of this paper is to clarify the number of remaining historic buildings in Niigata and to understand design character of these buildings. This is to prepare a basic data for expected district designation and establishment of a design guideline. Major results are as fi llows: 1) 1,405 / 10,358 buildings are estimated to be historic buildings. 2) Over 50 types of facede design are extracted from 490 Machiya, traditional marchants' houses. 3) Machiya in Niigata are essentially Tateya whose ridge of the roof is vertical to the attached street. Additionally, T-type, a Mixture of Tateya and Yokoya, whose ridge of the roof is horizontal to the attached street, is typical and distinctive Machiya in present Niigata.
  • 渡辺 篤史, 岡崎 篤行
    日本建築学会計画系論文集
    2016年 81 巻 722 号 951-957
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2016/04/30
    ジャーナル フリー
     Kaetsu region is the northern part of Niigata prefecture. Major towns in this area are three castle towns(johka-machi); Murakami, Shibata, Muramatsu, and four port towns(minato-machi); Senami, Iwafune, Nuttari, Niigata. Additionally, there are many small towns in countryside(zaigoh-cho) along major roads and rivers. Many historical buildings remain in these towns.
     One type of historical building is Machiya, which is traditional merchants' commercial and residential building. External form of Machiya is classified into two types; Tateya whose ridge of the roof is vertical to the attached street and Yokoya whose ridge is horizontal. Besides, there is Machiya that is mixture of Tateya and Yokoya in Kaetsu area. The front part of this Machiya is Yokoya, and the back part, which is predominant, is Tateya.
     The pupose of this paper is to clarify the number and the percentage of remaining Yokoya-Tateya mixed Machiya in Kaetsu area, and to understand design character of this building. Major results are as fillows:
     1) No Yokoya-Tateya mixed Machiya exist in nothern and southern Kaetsu region. On the other hand, there are many Yokoya-Tateya mixed Machiya in Naka-kanbara district and western Kita-kanbara district. It may be inferred that Yokoya-Tateya mixed Machiya was formed from Tateya. One of the reasons is becouse no Yokoya-Tateya mixed Machiya can be found in towns which are consisted purely of Yokoya.
     2) Several types of facade design are extracted from 740 Yokoya-Tateya mixed Machiya.
     3) As seen in old paintings and photographs, most Machiya in Niigata were Tateya in the late Edo and early Meiji period. The townscape changed in the mid meiji period, and many Yokoya-tateya mixed Machiya emerged. This might be a result of building guidelines proclaimed after the two great fires.
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