The Collegiate Gothic movement in America that emerged from the early 1890＆apos;s marked the last phase of the inclusive Gothic Revival
movement in the country and became a part of the movement for college planning known as "College Beautiful". The extensive
development of colleges was made necessary and possible by the combination of demand and wealth created by the Gilded Age, as
well as by architectural strategies introduced through the Chicago Columbian Exposition of 1893.
The Collegiate Gothic brigade, while searching for its main reference points in the English collegiate tradition of Tudor Gothic as opposed to Victorian Gothic, ended up mingling the Oxford-Cambridge building system of quadrilateral plan with the Beaux-Arts system of extensive landscape planning with axis and symmetry, within the American setting of broad college campuses.