In the first part submitted prior to this part, we studied why residents are doing illegal construction practices in 70 rai community, Klongtoey, the slum improvement project area, Bangkok, Thailand. As a result, illegal construction practices are limited only within the acceptable level among people.
Based on the first paper through referring to “licit/illicit”, this paper defines “licit architecture” as the house, which incorporates various practices such as deviated from construction rules, taboos of faith and common laws within the acceptable level among people. The aim of this paper will clarify “licit architecture” by focusing on the taboo on house space.
Composition will be analyzed in terms of the house space. House space can be classified into nai baan (inside house) and outside nai baan. Spaces blonging to nai baan are living, bedroom, kitchen, toilet and bathroom and alter room. Spaces belonging to outside nai baan are naa baan (forward nai baan), raan baan (backward nai baan) and veranda. “Extending forward model” and “Full two-story building model” are laid out at naa baan while “Extending forward and backward model” and “Extending forward, backward and second-floor model” are laid out at naa baan and raan baan.
Buddhism and spiritual faith will be analyzed in terms of necessary things and taboos of faiths. Things of Buddhism alter are three types. Things of spiritual faith are sacred posts, shrines and charms. The taboos are on the existence of things, the layout of things, the orientation, the elevation and the remove of things in 70 rai community. The taboo of existence can be classified into three types; a1) Each house must have two sacred posts and shrines. a2) Each house must have at least one of two sacred posts or shrines. a3) Each house may have neither two sacred posts nor shrines. The taboo of layout can be classified into two types; b1) Shrines must lay out at the position of having sunlight. b2) Things for the spiritual faith must lay out at outside nai baan. The taboo of orientation can be classified into three types; c1) Front side of Buddhist things, shrines and their heads while sleeping must not turn to face south or west. c2) It must not turn to face only west. c3) It may turn to face west. The taboo of elevation can be classified into two types; d1) Shrines must lay out at the highest position in the house. d2) Shrines may not lay out at the highest position in the house. The taboo of construction, remove and relocation is only one type; e1) Two sacred posts and shrines must not construct, remove and relocate without the ritual.
Those taboos can be classified into three types. First, the taboos can be seen in only another area including 70 rai community such as a1), b1), c1) and e1). Second, the taboos can be regarded to be seen in only 70 rai community such as a2), b2), c2) and d1). Third, the taboos deviate from another taboo such as a3), c3) and d2). As a result, “licit architecture” can be defined as the house which observes the taboo on the construction, remove and relocation, and layout, at the same time including practice deviated from the taboo on the existence, the orientation and elevation.