1990 年 413 巻 p. 29-38
The purpose of this study is reported in the Part I of the series of this study. This paper reports the characteristics of human traffic flow using the Elastic Block Model. Study of characteristics of human traffic flow was made mainly in terms of ; (1) Spreading of human mass in process. (2) Gradual change in density. (3) Growth of crowding mass in front of a neck. Through this study, ways for correcting the conventional methods were found. By making these corrections, the results of these conventional methods were matched, which were not matched, as pointed in the Part I of this study. Further, new knowledge for "flow coefficient" was obtained through this study, which are ; (1) Flow coefficient of human mass in total becomes larger than 1.5 (person/m.s) in spreading, smaller than 1.5 after passing a neck despite it is fixed 1.5 in each part of "Elastic Block". (2) This fluctuation is a characteristics of human flow, which was found only by EB Model, reflecting the spread of human mass.