Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Online ISSN : 1347-5215
Print ISSN : 0918-6158
ISSN-L : 0918-6158
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Effects of San’o-shashin-to and the Constituent Herbal Medicines on Theophylline-Induced Increase in Arterial Blood Pressure of Rats
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2001 Volume 24 Issue 10 Pages 1137-1141


San’o-shashin-to, composed of Scutellariae Radix, Coptidis Rhizoma and Rhei Rhizoma (volume ratio=1:1:1), reduced an increase in arterial blood pressure of anesthetized rats induced by theophylline (5 mg/kg, i.v.). The hypotensive effect of San’o-shashin-to was produced in a dose dependent manner and was maximum at its 0.5 g/kg. Then the constituent herbal medicines were examined for their possible hypotensive effect. Scutellariae Radix of 0.2 g/kg slightly decreased in the blood presure. Rhei Rhizoma of 0.2 g/kg decreased in the blood pressure and the hypotensive effect was significantly produced even at the dose of 0.05 g/kg, while Coptidis Rhizoma had little effect. Among fractions of San’o-shashin-to separated by Diaion HP-20 column chromatography, the 50% methanol-eluted fraction had a large hypotensive effect. The 50% methanol-eluted fraction of Scutellariae Radix and Rhei Rhizoma were also effective and, especially, that of Rhei Rhizoma had a large hypotensive effect. In isometric tension study, Scutellariae Radix and Rhei Rhizoma (10—30 μg/ml) slightly exerted contractile and relaxant effects, respectively, on the phenylephrine-contracted endothelium-intact rat thoracic aorta. Coptidis Rhizoma (1—10 μg/ml) caused both endothelium-dependent and -independent relaxanion. These results suggest that the hypotensive effect of San’o-shashin-to is not mediated by the direct action on blood vessel but by other actions. Some components in Scutellariae Radix and Rhei Rhizoma, especially in the latter may play a main role in the hypotensive effect.

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© 2001 The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
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