2001 Volume 24 Issue 10 Pages 1153-1156
The component of aqueous Tinospora tuberculata extract that inhibits nitric oxide (NO) production was examined using macrophages activated by the addition of lipopolysaccharide. The aqueous extract was partitioned with ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was fractionated with a Diaion column. The residue of the aqueous extract was extracted with methanol, and partitioned with ethyl acetate. The ethyl acetate layer was found to be associated with a distinct decrease in the NO level and inducible NO synthase. On further fractionation, the subfraction of E-3 showed high anti-NO activity. N-trans-Feruloyltyramine isolated from E-3 was identified as exhibiting strong anti-NO activity. This compound is the most active component of Tinospora tuberculata with respect to the suppression of NO production.