2001 Volume 24 Issue 10 Pages 1165-1170
We examined the inhibitory action of the extract of Oren-gedoku-to, a traditional herbal medicine known to act as an antioxidant, on enzymatic lipid peroxidation in rat liver microsomes. Simultaneous addition of a spraydried preparation of Oren-gedoku-to extract (Tsumura TJ-15) inhibited enzymatic lipid peroxidation induced by reduced β-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) and ADP/Fe3+ complex in liver microsomes in a dose-dependent manner. When the inhibition by TJ-15 of enzymatic lipid peroxidation in liver microsomes was kinetically analyzed, this medicine showed a competitive inhibition against NADPH or ADP/Fe3+ complex. TJ-15 inhibited the NADPH-driven enzymatic reduction of ADP/Fe3+ complex or cytochrome c in liver microsomes competitively. TJ-15 enhanced NADPH consumption by liver microsomes with ADP/Fe3+ complex. Treatment with TJ-15 after the onset of enzymatic lipid peroxidation in liver microsomes inhibited the progression of lipid peroxidation in a dose-dependent manner. The present results indicate that Oren-gedoku-to extract inhibits enzymatic lipid peroxidation in rat liver microsomes in the initiation and propagation steps in a dose-dependent manner. These results also suggest that Oren-gedoku-to extract inhibits enzymatic lipid peroxidation in rat liver microsomes not only through its antioxidant action but also through reduction of the supply of electrons derived from NADPH to ADP/Fe3+ complex in liver microsomes both in a competitive manner and through stimulation of NADPH oxidation.