2005 年 28 巻 5 号 p. 876-881
The nonlinear mixed effects model (NONMEM) was used to analyze the pharmacokinetics of routinely administered bisoprolol in middle-aged and elderly Japanese patients. The subjects consisted of 29 males and 11 females with a mean age of 63.5±10.1. Data on the plasma concentration of bisoprolol from 94 blood samples obtained at steady-state following repetitive oral administration were analyzed using the NONMEM program, where a one-compartment model with repetitive bolus dosing was parameterized in terms of oral clearance (CL/F) and apparent volume of distribution (V/F). Individual CL/F values were correlated with body weight (WT) and creatinine clearance (CLcr). The relation between CLcr and the CL/F of bisoprolol was not altered by the CYP2D6 and CYP2C19 genotypes, gender, or age. The mean CL/F value estimated with NONMEM was 0.0612·WT+1.15·CLcr (l/h), and the mean V/F value was 2.61·WT (l). The residual interindividual variability of CL/F and V/F were 22.0% and 12.6%, respectively. The pharmacokinetic variability of bisoprolol is small even in routinely treated Japanese patients, provided that both body weight and renal function are taken into account for the prediction of oral clearance of the drug.